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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
1.1 Spray drying
1.2 Design of spray dryers
1.3 Modeling the spray drying process
1.4 Regulation of spray dryers
1.4.1 Brief literature review on process control
input multiple-output system
1.4.2 Literature review on spray dryer regulation
1.5 Brief literature review of simultaneous design and control
1.6 Organization
DESIGN OF A SPRAY DRYER
2.1 Background
2.2 Experimental system
2.3 Modeling a single droplet
panel: thin skin. Right panel: thick skin (Courtesy: S.V. Emets)
2.3.1 Physical phenomena
2.3.2 Model development
2.3.3 Initial and boundary conditions
2.3.3.1 Heating step
2.3.3.2 Evaporation step
2.3.3.3 Surface motion
2.3.4 Dimensionless model
2.3.5 Model parameters
2.4 Spray dryer modeling
2.4.1 Spray dryer design
2.4.2 Single-droplet model
2.4.3 Particle size distribution model
2.4.4 Design steps
2.5 Numerical methods
2.5.1 Numerical solution of the single droplet model
2.5.1.1 Mathematical formulation
2.5.1.2 Residual minimization
2.5.2 Numerical solution of the spray dryer model
2.6 Results and discussion
2.6.1 Single droplet modeling results
2.6.2 Spray dryer model results
2.6.2.1 Hollow particles
2.6.2.2 Variation in particle size
2.6.2.3 Thermal efficiency
2.6.2.4 Heat loss
2.6.2.5 Effect of feed conditions
2.6.2.6 Effects of interparticle collision
2.6.2.7 Effect of droplet distribution
2.7 Summary
droplet distribution [22]
pass through the spray-drying chamber [22]
dashed line: 15% increase; dotted line: 15% decrease [22]
NOMENCLATURE
OPTIMIZATION OVERVIEW
3.1 Optimization in process design
3.1.1 Formulation of an optimization problem
3.1.2 Classification of optimization problems
3.2 Non-linear programming
3.2.1 Unconstrained non-linear optimization
3.2.2 Constrained non-linear optimization
3.2.3 Solution Techniques for NLP
3.3 Mixed-integer programming (MIP)
3.3.1 Mixed-integer linear programming (MILP)
3.3.2 Mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP)
3.3.2.1 Duality of optimization problems
3.4 Dynamic optimization
3.4.1 Variational methods
3.5 Summary
SIMULTANEOUS DESIGN AND CONTROL
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Introduction
4.3 Design for flexibility
4.3.1 Design under uncertainty
4.5 Bi-level optimization
4.6 Example: reactor and flash system
that is used to produce product B from reactant A
4.6.1 Modeling and simulation
4.6.2 Sequential design and control
4.7 Summary
SPRAY DRYER CONTROL
5.1 Inferential modeling
5.2 Principal component estimator
5.2.1 Principal component analysis
5.2.2 Principal Component Regression
5.3 Inferential control
5.4 Summary
6.1 Sequential optimization strategy
6.2 Bi-level optimization strategy
6.3 Design and control of the spray drying process
6.3.1 Optimal control of spray dryer
6.3.2 Bi-level optimization of spray dryer
6.4 Summary
SUMMARY AND FUTURE WORK
7.1 Modeling and design
7.2 Control synthesis
7.3 Integration of design and control
7.4 Future work
7.5 Contributions
Lumped model of the spray dryer
Computer code for Matlabc
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Published by Thippu Bg
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Published by: Thippu Bg on May 15, 2013
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05/23/2013

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