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report on vvt-i

report on vvt-i

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Published by mantusubudhi

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Published by: mantusubudhi on Apr 13, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Variable valve timingintelligent SYSTEM
 
Contents
Variable Valve Timing (VVT)
History
VVT implementations
VVT-i system
GeneralConstructionOperationAdvantages
References
 
Variable valve timing
Variable valve timing
, or 
VVT
, is a generic term for anautomobile  pistonengine  technology. VVT allows the
lift 
or 
duration
or 
timing 
(some or all) of theintakeor exhaust valves(or both) to be changed while the engine is in operation.Two-stroke  engines use aPower valve systemto get similar results to VVT.
Overview
Thei-VTEC system found in the Honda K20Z3. Piston enginesnormally use poppet valvesfor intake and exhaust. These are driven (directly or indirectly) bycamson a camshaft. The cams open the valves (
lift 
) for acertain amount of time (
duration
) during each intake and exhaust cycle. The
timing 
of the valve opening and closing is also important. The camshaft is driven by thecrankshaft throughtiming belts, gearsor  chains. The profile, or position and shape of the cam lobes on the shaft, is optimized for acertain engineRPM,and this tradeoff normally limits low-endtorque or high-end  power . VVT allows the cam profile to change, which results in greater efficiency and power.At high engine speeds, an engine requires large amounts of air. However, the intakevalves may close before all the air has been given a chance to flow in, reducing performance.On the other hand, if the cam keeps the valves open for longer periods of time, as witha racing cam, problems start to occur at the lower engine speeds. This will causeunburnt fuel to exit the engine since the valves are still open. This leads to lower engine performance and increased emissions. For this reason, pure racing enginescannot idle at the low speeds (around 800rpm) expected of a road car, and idle speedsof 2000 rpm are not unusual.Pressure to meet environmental goals and fuel efficiency standards is forcing car manufacturers to turn to VVT as a solution. Most simple VVT systems (likeMazda's S-VT) advance or retard the timing of the intake or exhaust valves. Others (likeHonda's VTEC) switch between two sets of cam lobes at a certain engine RPM. Still others (like BMW's Valvetronic) can alter timing and lift continuously, which is called Continuous variable valve timing or CVVT.

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