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Guidance for Mediators: Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Ceasefire and Peace Agreements

Guidance for Mediators: Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Ceasefire and Peace Agreements

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Published by N R Dewi Nurmayani
The United Nations is enlisting its peace envoys in stepped-up efforts by the organization to combat the scourge of sexual violence in warfare, unveiling new guidelines to help mediators address the problem in peace agreements and cease-fires.

Sexual violence to be included in ceasefire and peace agreements

The new guidance by the Department of Political Affairs will be issued to all UN mediators and mission chiefs and incorporated in training and briefing materials for envoys and their teams. Key principles for mediators include an obligation to engage parties in discussion on this issue and to work towards firm commitments in peace accords to cease all acts of conflict-related sexual violence. The guidelines also require sexual violence to be included in the definition of acts covered by a ceasefire and monitored for.

Conflict-related sexual violence has been used as a tactic of warfare in many armed conflicts around the globe from Bosnia to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone – affecting both women and men, girls and boys.

Since 2008, the UN Security Council has considered sexual violence a threat to security and an impediment to peace. If left unaddressed, this risks undermining ceasefire agreements and possibly the mediation process itself.
The United Nations is enlisting its peace envoys in stepped-up efforts by the organization to combat the scourge of sexual violence in warfare, unveiling new guidelines to help mediators address the problem in peace agreements and cease-fires.

Sexual violence to be included in ceasefire and peace agreements

The new guidance by the Department of Political Affairs will be issued to all UN mediators and mission chiefs and incorporated in training and briefing materials for envoys and their teams. Key principles for mediators include an obligation to engage parties in discussion on this issue and to work towards firm commitments in peace accords to cease all acts of conflict-related sexual violence. The guidelines also require sexual violence to be included in the definition of acts covered by a ceasefire and monitored for.

Conflict-related sexual violence has been used as a tactic of warfare in many armed conflicts around the globe from Bosnia to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone – affecting both women and men, girls and boys.

Since 2008, the UN Security Council has considered sexual violence a threat to security and an impediment to peace. If left unaddressed, this risks undermining ceasefire agreements and possibly the mediation process itself.

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Published by: N R Dewi Nurmayani on May 16, 2013
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05/16/2013

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UNITED NATIONSDEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AFFAIRS
POLICY AND MEDIATION DIVISION
MEDIATION SUPPORT UNIT
DPA
AddressingConict-RelatedSexual Violencein Ceasefre andPeace Agreements
GUIDANCEFOR MEDIATORS
 
United NationsDepartment of Political AffairsNew York, 2012
AddressingConict-RelatedSexual Violencein Ceasefre andPeace Agreements
GUIDANCEFOR MEDIATORS
 
Development o this guidance or mediators benefted rom materialgenerated during the United Nations Inter-Agency High-Level Colloquium“Conict-Related Sexual Violence and Peace Negotiations: Implement-ing Security Council Resolution 1820” in June 2009. The Colloquium wasorganized by the United Nations Development Fund or Women (now parto UN Women), Department o Political Aairs, Department o Peacekeep-ing Operations, United Nations Development Programme, and Ofceor the Coordination o Humanitarian Aairs on behal o UN ActionAgainst Sexual Violence in Conict and in partnership with the Centre orHumanitarian Dialogue. The Department o Political Aairs is grateul orthe contributions o these partners and or the fnancial support providedthrough UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conict.

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