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Tolerancias de Resistencias

Tolerancias de Resistencias

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Published by: amartinez_209569 on May 16, 2013
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valor (ohm)
 
RKM
 0.47 ohm 0R471.13 ohm 1R13100 ohm 100R 1000 ohm 1k 4700 ohm 4k75360 ohm 5k361,270,000 1M27
OJO!
  para designar 0.47 ohm decimos 0R47 o bien R47, no confundir con 47R que equivale a 47 ohmios.
El concepto de tolerancia.-
Para entender las series normalizadas, es necesarioconocer el concepto de tolerancia. Pongamos un ejemplo. Si tenemos unaresistencia de 10k 10%, queremos decir que el valor nominal (10k) estácomprendido entre 10k-10% (valor mínimo) y 10k+10% (valor máximo); esdecir, entre 9k y 11k. Para evitar solapamiento de valores, se construyen seriesque teóricamente contengan a todos los posibles valores de resistencia, y sedenominan, atendiendo al número de estos valores entre 1 y 10, a las series E(N).La serie E12 son doce valores entre 1 y 10, y su tolerancia es 20%. Las series E ysu tolerancia son las siguientes:
serie
 
tolerancia (%)
 E6 40E12 20E24 10E48 5E96 2E192 1
Tablas de valores normalizados.-
Podemos construirnos las tablas de valoresnormalizados muy fácilmente con Excel, partiendo de la expresión matemáticaque define una R normal:
 
Las series E6, E12 y E24 se expresan con 1 decimal.Las series E48, E96 y E192 se expresan con 2 decimales.Los resultados se redondean por exceso (0.5 = 1)Por ejemplo, el término nº 19 de la serie E192 vale:
Con esta expresión, hallamos la siguiente tabla Excel con los valores normalizados de Resistencias:
 
Tabla de valores normalizados de resistencias
 
40%
 
20%
 
10%
 
5%
 
2%
 
1%
 
40%
 
20%
 
10%
 
5%
 
2%
 
1%
 
E6
 
E12
 
E24
 
E48
 
E96
 
E192
 
E6
 
E12
 
E24
 
E48
 
E96
 
E192
 
1.0 1.01.21.01.11.21.31.001.051.101.151.211.271.331.401.001.021.051.071.101.131.151.181.211.241.271.301.331.371.401.431.001.011.021.041.051.061.071.091.101.111.131.141.151.171.181.201.211.231.241.261.271.291.301.321.331.351.371.381.401.421.431.453.3 3.33.93.33.63.94.33.163.323.483.653.834.024.224.423.163.243.323.403.483.573.653.743.833.924.024.124.224.324.424.533.163.203.243.283.323.363.403.443.483.523.573.613.653.703.743.793.833.883.923.974.024.074.124.174.224.274.324.374.424.484.534.59
 
1.52.21.51.82.22.71.51.61.82.02.22.42.71.471.541.621.691.781.871.962.052.152.262.372.492.612.741.471.501.541.581.621.651.691.741.781.821.871.911.962.002.052.102.152.212.262.322.372.432.492.552.612.672.741.471.491.501.521.541.561.581.601.621.641.651.671.691.721.741.761.781.801.821.841.871.891.911.931.961.982.002.032.052.082.102.132.152.182.212.232.262.292.322.342.372.402.432.462.492.522.552.582.612.642.672.712.744.76.84.75.66.88.24.75.15.66.26.87.58.24.644.875.115.365.625.906.196.496.817.157.507.878.258.664.644.754.874.995.115.235.365.495.625.765.906.046.196.346.496.656.816.987.157.327.507.687.878.068.258.458.664.644.704.754.814.874.934.995.055.115.175.235.305.365.425.495.565.625.695.765.835.905.976.046.126.196.266.346.426.495.676.656.736.816.906.987.067.157.237.327.417.507.597.687.777.877.968.068.168.258.358.458.568.66

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