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FRICKE_PENTING

FRICKE_PENTING

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Published by: Izal Do on May 16, 2013
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I
NBS Measurement
Services:
Fricke
Dosimetry
in
Hig
h-Energy
NBSSpecialPublication
250-4
Christopher
G.
SoaresEric
L.
Bright
Margarete Ehrlich
U.S.
Department of Commerce
National Bureau
of
Standards
 
Center
for Radiation Research
The Center for Radiation Research is a major component of the National Measurement Laboratory in the NationalBureau of Standards.The Center provides the Nation with standards and measurement services for ionizingradiation and for ultraviolet,visible, and infrared radiation; coordinates and furnishes essenti a1 supportto the National Measurenent Support Systen.for ionizing radiation; conducts research in radiation relatedfields to develop improved radiation measurement methodology; and generates, corrpiles, and criticallyevaluates data to meet major national needs.The Center conslsts of five Divisions and one Group.
Atomic and Plasma Radiation Division
Carries out basic theoretical and experimental research into the
Atomic Spectroscopysoectroscopic and radiative properties of atoms and highly ionized Atomic Radiation Datasbecies; develops well-defined atomic radiation sources as radiometric Plasma Radiationor wavelength standards; develops new measurement techniques andmethods for spectral analysis and plasma properties; and collects,compiles, and critically evaluates spectroscopic data. The Divisionconsists of the following Groups:
Radiation Physics Division
Provides the central national basis for the measurement of far ultra-
a
Far
UV
Physicsviolet, soft x-ray, and electron radiation; develops and disseminates
a
Electron Physicsradiation standards, measurement services, and data for for these radia- Photon Physicstions; conducts theoretical and experimental research with electron,laser, ultraviolet, and soft x-ray radiation for measurement appl ica-tions; determines fundmental mechanisms of electron and photon inter-actions with matter; and develops advanced electron- and photon-basedmeasurement techiques.
The
Division consists of the fotlowing Groups:
Radiometric Physics Division
Provides national measurement standards and support services for ultra- Spectral Radiometryviolet, visible, and infrared radiation; provides standards dissemination Spectrophotometryand measurement quality assurance services; conducts research in optical Radiometric Measurement Servicesradiation, pyrometry, photometry, and quantun radiometry; and developsspectroradiometric and spectrophotometric standards and calibrationprocedures. The Division consists of the fol owing Groups:
Radiation Source and Instrumentation Division
develops, operates, and improves major NBS radiation facilities Accelerator Researchincluding the electron Linac and race track microtron; develops,designs, and builds electronic and mechanical instrunentation forradiation prograns and facilities; provides national leadershipin the standardization of nuclear instrunentation; and developsnew competence in radiation sources and instrunentation.TheDivision consists of the following Groups:
Ionizing Radiation Division
Provides primary national standards, measurement services, and basicdata for applications of ionizing radiation;develops new methods ofchemical and physical dosimetry; conducts theoretical and experimentalresearch on the tundamental physical and chemical interact ons ofionizing radiation with matter; provides essent
i
1 standards andmeasurement support services to the National Measurement SupportSystem for Ionizing Radiation; and develops and operates radiationsources needed to provide primary radiation standards, fields, andwell-characterized beams of radiation for research on radiationinteractions and for developnent of measurement methods.The Divisionconsists of the following Office and Groups:
a
Linac OperationsElectronic InstrunentationMechanical InstrunentationOffice of Radiation MeasurementRadiation TheoryRadiation Chemistry and ChemicalooslmetryNeutron Measurements and ResearchNeutron Dosimetry
a
Radioactivity
X-Ray
Physics
a
Dosimetry
Nuclear Physics Group
Engages in forefront research in nuclear and elementary particle physics;performs highly accurate measurements and theoretical analyses whichprobe the structure of nuclear matter; and improves the quantitativeunderstanding of- physical processes that underlie measurement science.
 
NBS
MEASUREMENT
SERVICES:FRICKE DOSIMETRY
IN
HIGH-ENERGYELECTRON
BEAMS
Christopher
G.
Soares
Eric
L.
BrightMargarete EhrlichCenter for Radiation ResearchNational Measurement LaboratoryNational Bureau of StandardsGaithersburg, MD20899
U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF
COMMERCE,
Malcolm Baldrige, Secretary
NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS, Ernest Ambler, DirectorIssued
July
1987

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