The proposal needs to describe clearly how the proposed research will make acontribution to knowledge. The proposal should indicate the expected generalizability of the research, its contribution to theory, its potential for improving nursing practice and patient care, and possible applications or consequences of the knowledge to be gained.
BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM
A section of the proposal is often devoted to an exposition of how the intendedresearch builds on what has already been done in an area. The background materialshould strengthen the author’s arguments concerning the significance of the study, orientthe reader to what is already known about the problem, and indicate how the proposedresearch will augment that knowledge; it should also serve as a demonstration of theresearcher’s command of current knowledge in a field.
Specific, achievable objectives provide the reader with clear criteria against whichthe proposed research methods can be assessed. Objectives stated as research hypothesesor specific models to be tested are often preferred. Whenever the theoretical backgroundof the study, existing knowledge, or the researcher’s experience permit an explicit predictions should be included in the proposal. Avoid the use of null hypotheses whichcreate an amateurish impression. In exploratory or descriptive research, the formulationof hypotheses might not be feasible. Objectives, in such cases, may be most conveniently phrased as question.
The explanation of the research methods should be thorough enough that a reader will have no question about how the research objectives will be addressed. A thoroughmethods section includes a description of the sampling plan, research design,instrumentation, specific procedures, and analytic strategies, together with a discussion of