The image on the left is the outside of the brain, viewed from the side, showing themajor lobes (frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital) and the brain stem structures(pons, medulla oblongata, and cerebellum). The image on the right is a side-view showing the location of the limbic systeminside the brain. The limbic system consists of a number of structures, including thefornix, hippocampus, cingulate gyrus, amygdala, the parahippocampal gyrus andparts of the thalamus.
– limbic structure involved in many brain functions, including emotion,learning and memory. It is part of a system that processes "reflexive" emotions likefear and anxiety.
– governs movement.
– plays a role in processing conscious emotional experience.
– an arch-like structure that connects the hippocampus to other parts of thelimbic system.
– helps control skilled muscle movements, mood, planning for thefuture, setting goals and judging priorities.
– plays a significant role in the formation of long-term memories.
– contains centers for the control of vital processes such asheart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and swallowing.
– a group of interconnected structures that mediate emotions,learning and memory.
– helps process visual information.
– an important connecting pathway of the limbic system.Parietal lobe – receives and processes information about temperature, taste, touch,and movement coming from the rest of the body. Reading and arithmetic are alsoprocessed in this region.
– contains centers for the control of vital processes, including respiration andcardiovascular functions. It also is involved in the coordination of eye movementsand balance.
– processes hearing, memory and language functions.
– a major relay station between the senses and the cortex (the outerlayer of the brain consisting of the parietal, occipital, frontal and temporal lobes).