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Eaton 9390-40-160 Application Notes

# Eaton 9390-40-160 Application Notes

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Battery size calculation
Battery size calculation

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10/24/2014

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Application Note
How to size Batteries for Eaton 9x55, 9390 and9395 UPS’s

How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp. 15.2.2010
1

Scope
This document describes the steps to follow to size a battery, considerations to take and quick calculations to make. These notes are aimed to sales personnel.
Important factors
The best way to start the calculation for the right UPS for a customer is by looking into 4 importantthings:

1.

(S)
commonly in kVA
2.

Specific output power factor
(pf)

3.

Desired Back-up time
(Bt)
in minutes or hours
4.

Recharge time required
(Rt)
in minutes or hoursIn order to define the right UPS it is necessary to calculate:
a.

Real Power in demandb.

Total Real Power to be dischargedc.

Power needed to recharge the battery kWh (kilo Watts hours)d.

Power needed in the (recharge + demand) timee.

Recharge currentf.

Type of UPS and number of battery string required (in the case is needed)
In most of the cases, it should be calculated in this order (from
a
to
)
An example:
A customer is running an industrial process

industrial process

that demands
60 kVA
. The
pf (power factor) is 0.8
and it is specified a
back-up time of 2 hours
and a
recharge time of thebatteries is 20 hours
(this configuration purely depends on the customer)For this example:
S (Demand Power) 60 kVApf (Power Factor) 0.8Bt(Backup time) 2 hoursRt (Recharge Time) 20 hoursCalculations:a.

Real power in demand:
With the load size (60kVA) is possible to obtain the a Real more accurate power in demand
P (inkW)
using the efficiency of the inverter (about a 94%),Thus,
0.94 pf S P
×=

kW
51.060.940.8kVA60 P
=×=

How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp. 15.2.2010
2

b. Total Power to be discharged (within back-up time)
Now that we got the Real Power (51.06 kW) we can calculate the total Power to be discharge in theback-up time by multiplying it by the Back-up time (Bt), that is,
kWh1
02.13hours2kW51.06dischargedpowerTotal BtPdischargedpowerTotal
=×=×=

c. Power needed to recharge the battery
After the UPS battery has been discharged in the back-up time, it will start recharging in a specifictime. In this example the customer demands 20hours of recharging time, that is:
kW5.10
20h102.13kWh batteryrechargetoneededPower RtdischargedpowerTotal batteryrechargetoneededPower
===

d. Power needed in the (recharge + demand) time
It is important to know the power needed to recharge the battery in the moment of maximumdemand, this moment comes when the power from the mains is back, and the UPS is supplying theoutput load level in demand (51.06 kW in this example), plus the power needed to recharge thebattery whilst (5.10 kW).
Eff *rechargetoneededPowerP  timedemand)(rechargeinneededPower
+=+

kW39.60 93.0kW10.5kW06.51  timedemand)(rechargeinneededPower
=+=+

* Eff

corresponds to the system efficiency when the
rectifier, inverter
and charger are all togetherin use at the time of recharge and demand time; this value is approximately about 93%
e. Recharge current (I)
It is important to know the input current limit to adjust it in the
recharge + demand
time, also, inorder to check if our UPS model chosen (let’s say 9390 – 60kVA for now) can use that currentinput level of current.As a rule:
I = P/V,
Therefore: