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Bowen Amicus Final

Bowen Amicus Final

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Published by maryroseeng

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Published by: maryroseeng on May 19, 2013
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05/19/2013

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No. 08-1117
In The Supreme Court of the United States
 _________________________ S
COTT
D
 AVID
B
OWEN
,
Petitioner 
versusT
HE
S
TATE OF
O
REGON
,
Respondent.
On Petition for Writ of Certiorari to theOregon Court of Appeals _______________________________________ 
BRIEF OF
AMICUS CURIAE
THE FEDERALPUBLIC DEFENDER FOR THE DISTRICTCOURT OREGON IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
 _______________________________________ STEVEN T. WAXFederal Public Defender 
Counsel of Record 
C. RENÉE MANESAssistant Federal Defender101 S.W. Main Street, Suite 1700Portland, Oregon 97204503-326-2123
Counsel for Amicus Curiae 
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
T
 ABLE OF
 A
UTHORITIES
......................iiiI
NTEREST OF
 A
MICUS
C
URIAE
..................1S
TATEMENT OF THE
C
 ASE
.....................3S
UMMARY OF
 A
RGUMENT
.....................3 A
RGUMENT
................................4I.The
 Apodaca/Johnson 
Analysis RegardingNon-Unanimous Juries Is IncompatibleWith This Court’s Recent Jurisprudence.....4II.Deprivations Of Liberty Based On Non-Unanimous Jury Polls Are InconsistentWith The Protections Of The Fifth, Sixth And Fourteenth Amendment..............7 A.A Trial By Jury with Proof Beyonda Reasonable Doubt Protects an Accused from GovernmentOppression and UnreliableConvictions.........................7B.A Lack of Unanimity Fundamentally Alters Jury Deliberation in a Mannerthat Undermines the ConstitutionallyMandated Role of the Jury............10
 
iiC.There Is No Justification for Allowinga Lack of Unanimity in CriminalJuries............................12 D.As a Mathematical ComputationCan Not Be Placed on the Beyond aReasonable Doubt Standard, the Automatic Rejection of the Opinionsof 16% of a Properly ConstitutedJury is Constitutionally Unsupportable.16C
ONCLUSION
..............................18

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