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Rustom Mohammed 200911 PhD Thesis

Rustom Mohammed 200911 PhD Thesis

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Published by Tahir Ali

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Published by: Tahir Ali on May 19, 2013
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03/17/2014

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 QurÞanic Exegesis in Later Islamic Philosophy:MullÁ ÑadrÁ’s
TafsÐr SÙrat al-FÁtiÎa
 byMohammed RustomA thesis submitted in conformity with the requirementsfor the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyDepartment of Near and Middle Eastern CivilizationsUniversity of Toronto© Copyright by Mohammed Rustom 2009
 
 
ii
Abstract
QurÞanic Exegesis in Later Islamic Philosophy:MullÁ ÑadrÁ’s
TafsÐr SÙrat al-FÁtiÎa
 Mohammed RustomDoctor of Philosophy2009Department of Near and Middle Eastern CivilizationsUniversity of Toronto
The work of one of Islam’s most celebrated philosophers, MullÁ ÑadrÁ ShÐrÁzÐ (d.1045/1635 or 1050/1640), is characterized by a unique synthesis of the main strands of Islamicthought. Yet ÑadrÁ’s role as a philosopher was not simply to synthesize. His penetrating intellectand ability to cast new light on some of the fundamental problems of Islamic thought ensuredthat all of his books would be landmarks of intellectual achievement in their own right. Amongsthis most significant but seriously neglected writings are his compositions on the QurÞÁn and itssciences. Broadly speaking, the present study investigates the manner in which scripturalexegesis, philosophy, and mysticism came together in ÑadrÁ’s writings on the QurÞÁn. Morespecifically, this study aims to examine the sophistication of the discussions to be found inÑadrÁ’s QurÞanic works by focusing on his last complete and most mature
tafsÐr 
, the
TafsÐr SÙrat al-fÁtiÎa
.After surveying the history, reception, and content of ÑadrÁ’s writings on the QurÞÁn and presenting a coherent picture of the theoretical dimensions of his scriptural hermeneutics, we willgo on to examine the
TafsÐr SÙrat al-fÁtiÎa
’s structure and sources. This will set the stage for a
 
iii
careful analysis of the problems in cosmology, metaphysics, anthropology, theology, andsoteriology addressed by ÑadrÁ in the work 
.
Not only will our study demonstrate the manner inwhich ÑadrÁ reads scripture, but it will also afford us a window into the development of hisreligious thought, since the FÁtiÎa provides him with the opportunity to recast many of his philosophical concerns within the QurÞÁn’s universe of discourse.

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