Embryology 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 1 -
Embryology #1 – Introduction
1) In which period of development are most organ systems highly susceptible to injury?a) Early development b) Embryonic developmentc) First trimester d) Second trimester e) Third trimester 2) Which of the following regarding developmental anomalies is NOT true?a) Malformation results from an intrinsically abnormal development process b) Disruption results from extrinsic breakdown or interference with a normaldevelopmental processc) Deformation is abnormal form that results from mechanical forcesd) Dysplasia is abnormal organization of cells into tissuee) Nearly all anomalies are from known etiology3) The male and female processes of meiosis are equal.a) True b) False; for males it results in four spermatids and females result in two ovumwith two polar bodiesc) False; for males it results in four spermatids and females results in one ovumwith three polar bodiesd) False, for males and females it results in four (spermatids/ovum) but three of the ovum eventually dissolve as polar bodiese) False, for males it results in one spermatid with three polar bodies and femalesresult in two ovum with two polar bodies
Embryology #2 – Gametogenesis
1) The correct order for origin and migration of germ cells is:a) Epiblast to yolk sac to ventral mesentery to genital ridge b) Epiblast to yolk sac to dorsal mesentery to genital ridgec) Epiblast to hypoblast to genital ridged) Epiblast to mesoderm to genital ridgee) Epiblast to yolk sac to mesoderm to genital ridge2) In male gametogenesis, what is the role of Sertoli cells?a) Form junctional complex b) Attach to basal laminac) Isolate gamete cellsd) Replicate Type A pale spermatogoniae) Give rise to a population of Type B spermatogonia3) Which of the following is NOT a step involved in spermiogenesis prior to losingconnection with Sertoli cells?a) Flagella lysis b) Condensation of nucleusc) Formation of neck region and taild) Loss of cytoplasme) Acrosome addition4) Where does the process of sperm capacitation take place?