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Quiz Gastrointestinal Part 1 of 2

Quiz Gastrointestinal Part 1 of 2

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Published by MedShare
Quiz Gastrointestinal Part 1 of 2
Quiz Gastrointestinal Part 1 of 2

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Published by: MedShare on Apr 15, 2009
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07/18/2013

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Gastrointestinal Part 1 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 1 -
Gastrointestinal #1 – Histology
1) Mucin falls under what functional category of the alimentary mucosa?a) Secretion b) Absorptionc) Barrier d) Immunologic protection2) Which of the following locations is most likely to contain keratinized epithelial cells?a) Cheeks b) Floor of mouthc) Gumsd) Soft palatee) Inferior tongue3) Which of the following type of papillae is large, dome-shaped, and is located justanterior to the sulcus terminalis?a) Filiform papillae b) Fungiform papillaec) Circumvallate papillaed) Foliate papillae4) Which of the following structural components of taste buds acts as stem cells for theother structural cells?a) Neuroepithelial cells b) Supporting cellsc) Basal cellsd) None do, they are all replaced every 10 days5) Although tongue “taste maps” are controversial, what basic taste is said to be sensed atthe circumvallate papillae?a) Sweet b) Saltyc) Sour d) Bitter e) Umami6) Which tooth layer is comprised of carbonated calcium hydroxyapatite crystals that arearranged in rods?a) Dentin b) Enamelc) Cementumd) Dental pulpe) None of the above7) Which area of the tooth is vascularized and supplied by abundant nerves?a) Periodontal ligament b) Alveolar bonec) Alveolar processesd) Cementume) Dental pulp8) Which of the following is NOT true of saliva?a) It contains proteins that coat the teeth with a protective acquired pellicle
 
Gastrointestinal Part 1 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 2 - b) It contains lysozyme (muramidase) that controls certain bacteria (e.g. staph)c) It contains alpha-amylase that breaks down fats as they enter the GI tractd) It contains antibodies including salivary IgA and antibacterial agentse) It contains high concentrations of bicarbonate to buffer the oral cavity9.1) Which of the following layers of the alimentary canal contains nerve fibers andganglion cells, forming the Meissner plexus?a) Plicae circulares b) Villi & microvillic) Muscularis mucosaed) Submucosae) Thin connective tissue of muscularis externa9.2) What is the principal site of gastrointestinal absorption?a) Plicae circulares b) Villi & microvillic) Muscularis mucosaed) Submucosae) Thin connective tissue of muscularis externa10) Which of the following layers of the alimentary canal contains the myenteric(Auerbach) plexus and is also partially responsible for peristalsis?a) Plicae circulares b) Villi & microvillic) Muscularis mucosaed) Submucosae) Thin connective tissue of muscularis externa11) Which of the following sphincters prevents colonic bacteria from entering the smallintestine?a) Pharyngoesophageal sphincter  b) Pyloric sphincter c) Ileocecal valved) Internal anal sphincter 12) Which area of the esophagus contains the esophageal glands proper, which are smallcompound tubuloalveolar glands that lubricate the luminal wall?a) Mucosa b) Submucosac) Muscularis externa, upper 1/3d) Muscularis externa, lower 2/313) What is the role of the gastric mucosa, which lines the surfaces and gastric pits of thestomach?a) Secretes HCl b) Secretes pepsinc) Secretes intrinsic factor d) Secretes pepsinogene) Protects against abrasion and gastric contents14) Which of the following is secreted by parietal (oxyntic) cells?a) HCl b) Pepsin
 
Gastrointestinal Part 1 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 3 -c) Pepsinogend) Somatostatine) Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)15) What structure is being pointed to in this image?a) Gastric gland b) Mucous neck cellc) Chief celld) Parietal celle) Enteroendocrine cell16) Which of the following is continuous with the parietal peritoneum of the abdominalcavity via the greater omentum and the visceral peritoneum of the liver anterior to thelesser omentum?a) Lamina propria b) Muscularis mucosaec) Gastric submucosad) Gastric muscularis externae) Gastric serosa17) Gut-associated lymphatic tissue (GALT) contains diffuse lymphatic tissue, nodules,eosinophils, and macrophages. Which of the following areas contains extensiveaggregates of lymphatic nodules, known as Peyer patches?a) Duodenum b) Jejunumc) Ileumd) Cecume) Colon18) Submucosal (Brunner) glands are a distinguishing characteristic of which of thefollowing?a) Duodenum b) Jejunumc) Ileumd) Cecume) Colon19) Which of the following stem cell derivatives is most associated with the smallintestine and large intestine?a) Isthmus mucous cells b) Parietal cellsc) Chief cellsd) Goblet cellse) Enteroendocrine cells20.1) Which of the following produce the hormones CCK (increase pancreatic andgallbladder activity), GIP (stimulates insulin release), and motilin (increases gastric andintestinal motility)?a) Enterocytes b) Goblet cellsc) Paneth cellsd) Enteroendocrine cells

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