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Quiz Renal

Quiz Renal

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Published by MedShare
Quiz Renal
Quiz Renal

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Published by: MedShare on Apr 15, 2009
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05/11/2013

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Renal 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 1 -
Renal #1 – Histology
1.1) What is the basic functional unit of the kidney?a) Glomerulus b) Renal corpusclec) Nephrond) Medullary raye) Cortical labyrinth1.2) Which of the following areas contains the vasa recta, which is part of the counter-current exchange system that regulates the concentration of urine?a) Adrenal b) Capsulec) Cortexd) Medullae) Lobes/Lobules2.1) Where does nephron blood filtration begin?a) Bowman capsule b) Vascular polec) Urinary poled) Proximal thick segmente) Thin segment2.2) Which of the following areas contains the modified epithelial cells that form themacula densa?a) Between proximal convoluted tubule and proximal straight tubule b) Between proximal straight tubule and thin descending limbc) Between thin ascending limb and thick ascending limbd) Between thick ascending limb and distal convoluted tubulee) Between distal convoluted tubule and cortical collecting duct3) Which of the following is NOT true of juxtamedullary nephrons?a) Located proximal to the base of medullary pyramids b) Are composed of short loops of Henlec) Essential in the urine-concentrating mechanismd) Extend into the inner region of the pyramid4.1) Which of the following contains a large number of aquaporin-1 water channels thatallow for fast movement of water?a) Endothelium of the glomerular capillaries b) Glomerular basement membrane (GBM)c) Podocyctesd) Visceral layer of Bowman capsulee) Filtration slit membrane4.2) The GBM acts as a physical barrier, an ion-selective filter, and is composed of whattype of collagen?a) Type I b) Type IIc) Type IIId) Type IVe) Type V
 
Renal 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 2 -5) What is the proposed role of the mesangium (mesangial cells)?a) Activate the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system b) Regulate blood pressurec) Clean the GBMd) Receives the ultrafiltratee) Equilibrates salt and water 6.1) What is a role of the collecting tubules and collecting ducts?a) Exchanges Na+ for K+ under aldosterone regulation b) Allows for passive diffusion of NaCl into the interstitiumc) Has ADH-regulated water channels and contains light and dark cellsd) Has a positive gradient for re-absorption of ions such as Ca++ and Mg+e) Permeable allowing for water diffusion out and salt diffusion in6.2) Which of the following areas is responsible for re-absorbing about 80% of the dailyfiltrate (150L of fluid)?a) Proximal convoluted tubule b) Proximal straight tubulec) Thin segment of Loop of Henled) Distal straight tubule (thick ascending limb)e) Distal convoluted tubule6.3) What is a role of the thin ascending limb of the loop of Henle?a) Exchanges Na+ for K+ under aldosterone regulation b) Allows for passive diffusion of NaCl into the interstitiumc) Has ADH-regulated water channels and contains light and dark cellsd) Has a positive gradient for re-absorption of ions such as Ca++ and Mg+e) Permeable allowing for water diffusion out and salt diffusion in6.4) What is a role of the distal convoluted tubule?a) Exchanges Na+ for K+ under aldosterone regulation b) Allows for passive diffusion of NaCl into the interstitiumc) Has ADH-regulated water channels and contains light and dark cellsd) Has a positive gradient for re-absorption of ions such as Ca++ and Mg+e) Permeable allowing for water diffusion out and salt diffusion in6.5) What is a role of the distal straight tubule (thick ascending limb)?a) Exchanges Na+ for K+ under aldosterone regulation b) Allows for passive diffusion of NaCl into the interstitiumc) Has ADH-regulated water channels and contains light and dark cellsd) Has a positive gradient for re-absorption of ions such as Ca++ and Mg+e) Permeable allowing for water diffusion out and salt diffusion in7) What is the role of the interstitial cells of the kidney parenchyma within the cortex?a) Compress tubular structures oriented to the long axis b) Synthesize and secrete collagen and glycosaminoglycansc) Resemble and function as myofibroblastsd) Contain lipid droplets and secrete hormone that reduces blood pressuree) Synthesis of prostaglandins and prostacyclins8.1) A translocation of the AQP-2 containing intracytopasmic vesicles into the apicalsurface would have what effect?a) Increased water permeability of the epithelium
 
Renal 14Mar2009DO NOT DISTRIBUTE - 3 - b) Decreased water permeability of the epitheliumc) Increased release of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)d) Decreased release of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)e) No effect8.2) A patient presents with bouts of vomiting and diarrhea. Which of the followingcompensatory patterns would occur?a) Increased water permeability of renal epithelium b) Decreased water permeability of renal epitheliumc) Increased release of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)d) Decreased release of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)e) No changes will occur 9.1) Which of the following describes the correct order of arteries, starting at the renalartery and ending at the renal capillaries?a) Segmental artery => Lobar artery => Interlobar artery => Arcuate artery =>Interlobular artery => Afferent arteriole => Glomerulus => Efferent arteriole b) Segmental artery => Lobar artery => Interlobar artery => Arcuate artery =>Interlobular artery => Efferent arteriole => Glomerulus => Afferent arteriolec) Segmental artery => Lobar artery => Interlobular artery => Arcuate artery =>Interlobar artery => Afferent arteriole => Glomerulus => Efferent arterioled) Segmental artery => Lobar artery => Interlobular artery => Arcuate artery =>Interlobar artery => Efferent arteriole => Glomerulus => Afferent arteriolee) Arcuate artery => Lobar artery => Interlobar artery => Segmental artery =>Interlobular artery => Afferent arteriole => Efferent arteriole => Glomerulus9.2) Constriction of efferent arterioles would lead to:a) Reduced filtration and increased urine production b) Reduced filtration and reduced urine productionc) Increased filtration and increased urine productiond) Increased filtration and reduced urine productione) Vastly increased urinary output9.3) Constriction of afferent arterioles would lead to:a) Reduced filtration and increased urine production b) Reduced filtration and reduced urine productionc) Increased filtration and increased urine productiond) Increased filtration and reduced urine productione) Vastly increased urinary output10.1) Which of the following is derived from the mesonephric ducts (not cloaca)?a) Detrussor muscle b) Urethral sphincter c) Trigoned) Prostatic urethrae) Membranous urethra10.2) Which of the following locations contains transitional epithelium and is lined withstratified or pseudostratified columnar epithelium?a) Penile (spongy) urethra b) Membranous urethrac) Prostratic urethra

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