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define and solve a problem by using solver

define and solve a problem by using solver

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Published by: sagar09 on Apr 15, 2009
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02/01/2013

 
Define and solve a problem by using Solver 
Applies to:
1.
On the
Tools
menu, click
Solver 
.
2.
If the
Solver 
command is not available on the
Tools
menu, you need to install the Solver  add-inprogram.How?
1.
On the
Tools
menu, click
Add-Ins
.
2.
If the add-in you want to use is not listed in the
Add-Ins available
box, click
Browse
, and then locate the add-in.
3.
In the
Add-Ins available
box, select the check box next to the add-in you want toload, and then click
OK
.4.If necessary, follow the instructions in the setup program.
3.
In the
Set Target Cell
box, enter a cell reference or  namefor the target cell. The target cell must contain aformula.4.Do one of the following:
To have the value of the target cell be as large as possible, click
Max
.
To have the value of the target cell be as small as possible, click
Min
.
To have the target cell be a certain value, click
Value of 
, and then type the value inthe box.

In the
By Changing Cells
box, enter a name or reference for each adjustable cell, separatingnonadjacent references with commas. The adjustable cells must be related directly or indirectly to thetarget cell. You can specify up to 200 adjustable cells.

If you want to have Solver automatically propose the adjustable cells based on the target cell,click
Guess
.
 

In the
Subject to the Constraints
box, enter anyconstraints you want to apply. How?
1.
In the
Solver Parameters
dialog box, under 
Subject to the Constraints
, click
Add
.
2.
In the
Cell Reference
box, enter the cell referenceor name of the cell range for  which you want to constrain the value.
3.
Click the relationship (
<=
,
=
,
>=
,
Int
, or 
Bin
) that you want between the referencedcell and theconstraint. If you click
Int
, "integer" appears in the
Constraint
box. If you click
Bin
,"binary" appears in the
Constraint
box.
4.
In the
Constraint
box, type a number, a cell reference or name, or a formula. 5.Do one of the following:
To accept the constraint and add another, click
Add
.
To accept the constraint and return to the
Solver Parameters
dialogbox, click
OK
.
You can apply the
Int
and
Bin
relationships only in constraints on adjustable cells.
When the
Assume Linear Model
check box on the
Solver Options
dialog box isselected, there is no limit on the number of constraints. For nonlinear problems, each adjustablecell can have up to 100 constraints, in addition to bounds and integer restrictions on thevariables.
1.
In the
Solver Parameters
dialog box, under 
Subject to the Constraints
, click theconstraint that you want to change or delete.
2.
Click
Change
and then make your changes, or click
Delete
.
5.
Click
Solve
and do one of the following:
To keep the solution values on the worksheet, click
Keep Solver Solution
in the
Solver Results
dialog box.
 
To restore the original data, click
Restore Original Values
.Tip
Using Solver to rate sports teams
Applies to:
Applies to
Microsoft Office Excel 2003This article was adapted from
Microsoft Excel Data Analysis and Business Modeling 
by Wayne L. Winston. Visit Microsoft Learning to learn more about this book.This classroom-style book was developed from a series of presentations by Wayne Winston, a well knownstatistician and business professor who specializes in creative, practical applications of Excel. So beprepared — you may need to put your thinking cap on.
Sample files
You candownload the sample filesthat relate to excerpts from
Microsoft Excel Data Analysisand Business Modeling 
from Microsoft Office Online. This article uses the files NFL2002Ratings.xls,NBA02_03.xls, NBA01_02.xls, and NFL01.xls.
Can I use Excel to set NFL point spreads?Many of us follow basketball, football, hockey, and baseball. Bookmakers set point spreads on games in allthese sports and others. For example, the bookmakers’ best guess was that the Oakland Raiders would winthe 2003 Super Bowl by 3 points. How can you use Excel to come up with team "ratings" that generatereasonable point spreads?Using a simple Solver model, you can generate reasonable point spreads. The changing cells for the Solver model will be a rating for each team and the size of the home-field advantage. For example, if theIndianapolis Colts have a rating of +5 and the New York Jets have a rating of +7, the Jets are considered 2points better than the Colts.With regard to the home-field edge, in most years, home professional football teams tend to win by anaverage of 3 points (while home college basketball teams tend to win by an average of 5 points). We candefine the outcome of an NFL game to be the number of points by which the home team outscores thevisitors. We can predict the outcome of each game by using the following equation (which I’ll refer to asequation 1).

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