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St Osyth, Essex

St Osyth, Essex

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd to carry out archaeological recording and post-excavation analysis on an archaeological evaluation by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ in the village of St Osyth, Essex. St Osyth is located in the Tendring district of north-east Essex, approximately five miles west of Clacton-on-Sea. The village, which developed around the site of the medieval Priory, lies on the crest of a low spur of land, centred at NGR 612500 215800, that rises approximately 19m aOD (above Ordnance Datum) from the St Osyth creek to the south.
The aim of the evaluation was to gain an understanding of the evolution and development of St Osyth with its relationships to the development of the Priory and examine the role of the creek in the economy of the town. To achieve this, a number of techniques were employed, including geophysical survey, fieldwalking, trial trenching and dendrochronology. The work was undertaken between the 11th and 14th May 2004. Spoil from all of the archaeologically significant trenches was metal detected by approved operators.
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd to carry out archaeological recording and post-excavation analysis on an archaeological evaluation by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ in the village of St Osyth, Essex. St Osyth is located in the Tendring district of north-east Essex, approximately five miles west of Clacton-on-Sea. The village, which developed around the site of the medieval Priory, lies on the crest of a low spur of land, centred at NGR 612500 215800, that rises approximately 19m aOD (above Ordnance Datum) from the St Osyth creek to the south.
The aim of the evaluation was to gain an understanding of the evolution and development of St Osyth with its relationships to the development of the Priory and examine the role of the creek in the economy of the town. To achieve this, a number of techniques were employed, including geophysical survey, fieldwalking, trial trenching and dendrochronology. The work was undertaken between the 11th and 14th May 2004. Spoil from all of the archaeologically significant trenches was metal detected by approved operators.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Apr 15, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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ST OSYTH, ESSEX
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION AND AN ASSESSMENTOF THE RESULTS
Prepared on behalf of 
Videotext Communications49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
 by
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
Report reference: 55753.01
June 2005
© Copyright Wessex Archaeology Limited 2005, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited, Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
ST OSYTH, ESSEX
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION AND AN ASSESSMENTOF THE RESULTS
Contents
S
UMMARY
...............................................................................................................................................
III
A
CKNOWLEDGEMENTS
...........................................................................................................................
V
1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................1
1.1 P
ROJECT
B
ACKGROUND
.................................................................................................................11.2 H
ISTORICAL BACKGROUND
............................................................................................................21.3 P
REVIOUS ARCHAEOLOGICAL WORK 
.............................................................................................2
2 METHODS.......................................................................................................................................3
2.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
...............................................................................................................................32.2 A
IMS AND
O
BJECTIVES
..................................................................................................................32.3 F
IELDWORK 
M
ETHODS
..................................................................................................................3
3 RESULTS..........................................................................................................................................6
3.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
...............................................................................................................................63.2 G
EOPHYSICAL
S
URVEY
..................................................................................................................6
Magnetic survey – Area 1. (Figure 5)............................................................................................... Resistance Survey – Area 1................................................................................................................7  Resistance Survey - Area 2(Figure 6)................................................................................................7 
3.3 D
ENDROCHRONOLOGY
..................................................................................................................7
 Introduction........................................................................................................................................7 8 Spring Rd.........................................................................................................................................7 45, Mill St...........................................................................................................................................8St Clere Hall.......................................................................................................................................8
3.4 S
URFACE
C
OLLECTION
..................................................................................................................83.5 A
RCHAEOLOGICAL
E
VALUATION OF THE CREEK IN
A
REA
1.........................................................9
Trench 1 (Figure 7)............................................................................................................................9
3.6 T
HE FIELD TO THE NORTH OF THE CREEK 
.....................................................................................10
Trench 19 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................11Trench 20 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................11Trench 21 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................12Trench 22 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................13Trench 23 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................14Trench 24 (Figure 8)........................................................................................................................14
3.7 A
REA
2T
EST PITS AND
T
RENCHES IN
S
T
O
SYTH
......................................................................15
Test pits 2, 11 and 16 and Trench 17 – The churchyard (Figure 4)...............................................15Trench 3- The King’s Arms..............................................................................................................16 Trench 4 and test pit 5 – ‘The Butchers’.........................................................................................16 Test pit 6 – Warren Farm.................................................................................................................17 Test pits 7 and 8 and Trench 14 – The Old House..........................................................................17 Trench 14..........................................................................................................................................18Test pits 9 and 10 – The Red Lion...................................................................................................18Test pits 12 and 15 - White Hart......................................................................................................18Test pits 13 and 18 – No 7 Spring Road..........................................................................................19
4 THE FINDS....................................................................................................................................20
4.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
.............................................................................................................................204.2 P
OTTERY
......................................................................................................................................20
 Late Saxon........................................................................................................................................22Medieval...........................................................................................................................................22 Post-medieval...................................................................................................................................23

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