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Nether Poppleton, Yorkshire

Nether Poppleton, Yorkshire

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
In June 2004 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team in the village of Nether Poppleton, City of York, Yorkshire, as part of a community archaeological project (centred on NGR 456200 454900 to investigate the origins and development of the village.
The evaluation was concentrated within the village focusing on the land around St. Everilda’s church, Manor Farm and a series of earthworks, representing a moated site and associated fishponds at the eastern end of the village and in the gardens of the houses within the village itself. The earthworks to the north and east of the parish church are designated as a Scheduled Monument, centred on NGR SE5645 5513 (English Heritage Scheduled Monument 28234), and as such enjoy statutory protection.
The aims of the evaluation were to determine whether the village had its earliest foundations in the Anglo-Saxon period and developed focussing on a 7th century monastic complex centred on the church of St. Everilda. The project aimed also to test the hypothesis that the village in its current form had been planned in the Norman period and whether analysis of archaeological evidence and pottery distribution throughout the village would be able to shed light on the village’s development.
In June 2004 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team in the village of Nether Poppleton, City of York, Yorkshire, as part of a community archaeological project (centred on NGR 456200 454900 to investigate the origins and development of the village.
The evaluation was concentrated within the village focusing on the land around St. Everilda’s church, Manor Farm and a series of earthworks, representing a moated site and associated fishponds at the eastern end of the village and in the gardens of the houses within the village itself. The earthworks to the north and east of the parish church are designated as a Scheduled Monument, centred on NGR SE5645 5513 (English Heritage Scheduled Monument 28234), and as such enjoy statutory protection.
The aims of the evaluation were to determine whether the village had its earliest foundations in the Anglo-Saxon period and developed focussing on a 7th century monastic complex centred on the church of St. Everilda. The project aimed also to test the hypothesis that the village in its current form had been planned in the Norman period and whether analysis of archaeological evidence and pottery distribution throughout the village would be able to shed light on the village’s development.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Apr 15, 2009
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Wessex Archaeology 
Nether Poppleton,City of York, Yorkshire
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of ResultsJuly 2005Ref: 55756.01
 
Nether Poppleton, City of York, Yorkshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of 
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
 by
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
Report reference: 55756.01
July 2005
© The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited 2004 all rights reserved The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Contents
S
UMMARY
..............................................................................................................................................
I
A
CKNOWLEDGEMENTS
.........................................................................................................................
III
1 BACKGROUND.............................................................................................................................1
1.1 D
ESCRIPTION OF THE
S
ITE
.........................................................................................................11.2 H
ISTORICAL
B
ACKGROUND
.......................................................................................................11.3 P
REVIOUS
A
RCHAEOLOGICAL
W
ORK 
........................................................................................3
2 METHODS......................................................................................................................................4
2.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
..........................................................................................................................42.2 A
IMS AND
O
BJECTIVES
..............................................................................................................42.3 F
IELDWORK 
M
ETHODOLOGY
.....................................................................................................5
The Land around St. Everilda’s Church and the Scheduled Area....................................................5The Village........................................................................................................................................6 
3 RESULTS........................................................................................................................................7
3.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
..........................................................................................................................7
THE LAND AROUND ST. EVERILDA’S AND THE SCHEDULED AREA..................................7
3.2 G
EOPHYSICAL
S
URVEY
.............................................................................................................7
St. Everilda’s Church.......................................................................................................................8MillenniumField..............................................................................................................................8Manor Farm Orchard.......................................................................................................................8 North of the Orchard........................................................................................................................8The Tithe Barn..................................................................................................................................8MoatSite...........................................................................................................................................8The Paddock.....................................................................................................................................8
3.3 L
ANDSCAPE
S
URVEY
.................................................................................................................93.4 A
RCHAEOLOGICAL
E
VALUATION
..............................................................................................9
Trench 1. St. Everilda’s Churchyard. Figure 7..............................................................................10Trench 2. Scheduled Ancient Monument: Millennium Field. Figure 8...........................................11Trench 4. Manor Farm Orchard. Figure 9.....................................................................................12Trench 5. Manor Farm Orchard. Figure 2.....................................................................................13Trench 6. The Tithe Barn. Figure 10..............................................................................................14Trench 7. Scheduled Ancient Monument: North of Orchard. Figure 11........................................14Trench 8. Scheduled Ancient Monument: North of Orchard. Figure 12........................................15Trench 9. Manor Farm Front Garden. Figure 2............................................................................16 Trench 10. Scheduled Ancient Monument: Millennium Field. Figure 2.........................................16 Trench 11. Scheduled Ancient Monument: North of Orchard. Figure 13......................................16 Trench 12. Scheduled Ancient Monument: North of Orchard. Figure 14......................................17 Trench 14. Manor Farm Orchard Figure 2....................................................................................17 
THE VILLAGE....................................................................................................................................17
3.5 T
HE
T
EST
P
ITS
.........................................................................................................................183.6 T
HE
T
RENCHES
........................................................................................................................19
Trench 3. Saxe-Dane Lodge. Figure 2............................................................................................19Trench 13. 20 Main Street. Figure 2..............................................................................................19Trench 15. 36 Church Lane. Figure 15..........................................................................................19Trench 16. 24 Church Lane. Figure 2............................................................................................20
4 FINDS............................................................................................................................................20
4.1 I
 NTRODUCTION
........................................................................................................................204.2 P
OTTERY
.................................................................................................................................214.3 C
ERAMIC
B
UILDING
M
ATERIAL
..............................................................................................224.4 M
ETALWORK 
...........................................................................................................................234.5 O
THER 
F
INDS
..........................................................................................................................234.6 A
 NIMAL
B
ONE
.........................................................................................................................23

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