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John Jay College Magazine (Spring 2009)

John Jay College Magazine (Spring 2009)

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Published by jtaveras
John Jay College Magazine (Spring 2009)
John Jay College Magazine (Spring 2009)

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Published by: jtaveras on Apr 15, 2009
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John Jay Magazine
John Jay College
The CiTy UniversiTy of new york
of Criminal Justice
John Jay College
of Criminal Justice
Jeremy travis
, ... ... I..
President’s Letter EnforcingImmigration LawsJohn Jay Alumni Assess Local Law Enforcement’sDilemma Preservingthe Memory of Violence“Justice in New York”In Their Own WordsPRISM Shines Lighton Students’Scientific Curiosity The Write StuffChangingthe Paradigm ofCriminal JusticeJournalismMS in ForensicComputingPrepares FutureCybercrime Sleuths Alumni Worth Noting Alumni Class Notes
John Jay Magazine
Dear friends of John Jay College,With the 2008–2009 academic year drawing to a close, we can be proud as we reflect on the growing international stature ofJohn Jay College of Criminal Justice. We are recognized more and more as an institution distinguished by the scholarship of ourfaculty, the rigor of our core educational experience, the innovative nature of our interdisciplinary programs, and our contributionsto justice.Such recognition is due in large part to the remarkable strides that we as a College have made over the past five years. As acommunity, we have developed, and implemented, an ambitious vision for academic excellence. We have focused our energieson three interlocking initiatives:
Changing the Student Profile
We have aggressively raised academic standards for admission to John Jay College. We are mid-way through a four-year planto phase out admissions to our associate degree programs. We have created educational partnerships with the six communitycolleges of the City University of New York to offer joint degree programs in criminal justice and forensic science. Theseefforts are showing results. Over the past two years, the incoming baccalaureate class at John Jay has increased from1,027 to 1,414, a 38 percent increase. Next, we will focus on improving student success, starting with increasing ourretention and graduation rates.
Historic Faculty Hiring Initiative
We have launched an unprecedented faculty hiring program. We now have 419 full-time faculty, 25 percent more than fouryears ago. Fully 35 percent of our faculty have been hired in the last four years. The revitalization of the faculty is about morethan just numerical growth. New faculty members joining the College’s ranks are committed to scholarship that crossesdisciplinary boundaries. Our senior faculty members edit prestigious scholarly journals, hold leadership positions in leadingacademic associations, and produce critically acclaimed books, including last year’s winner of the Pulitzer Prize for biography.Our faculty have tripled the research funding from five years ago, generating million of research dollars for the College.
Revitalizing John Jay’s Academic Programs
Thirty years ago, in the midst of New York City’s fiscal crisis, the College’s liberal arts majors were eliminated. Today, wehave reversed that decision and have challenged our faculty to develop new majors in the humanities and sciences. We havealready secured approval for two exciting new majors — in Economics and English —and many more are in the approval pipeline.This issue of the
John Jay Magazine
reflects the intellectual capital of the John Jaycommunity — our faculty, students and alumni. In the first article, law enforcement leaders,who are John Jay alumni, weigh in on the challenges that local law enforcement faces inimmigration matters. Another story looks at the “Silent Genocide” that took place inGuatemala. The forensic science acumen of our students who have received grants for theirscholarship is highlighted in another article. The issue also details the “Justice in New York”Oral History Project, a one-of-a-kind research resource on the New York criminal justicesystem in the late 20th century as seen through the eyes of leaders who have beenintimately involved in its evolution.Throughout this issue, you will see the scholarship and commitment of the John Jaycommunity. Your continuing support of our College is vital to our future as we continue toprepare future generations to meet the challenges of justice.Sincerely,
Jeremy Travis
Jeremy Travis
Vice Presidentfor Marketing and Development
 Vivien Hoexter 
Executive Director of Communications& Editor
Christine Godek 
Senior Writer
Jennifer Nislow 
Contributing Writers
Peter DodenhoffStephen HandelmanMarie Rosen
Photography Coordinator
Doreen Viñas
Alumni Contributor
Sharice Conway 
Production Coordinator
Kathy Willis
John Jay Magazine 
is a publicationof Marketing and Development,published twice a year and distributedfree to alumni and friends ofJohn Jay College of Criminal Justice.
899 TENTH AVENUE NEW YORK, NY 10019 T.212.237.8600 F.212.237.8607 JTRAVIS@JJAY.CUNY.EDU
Cover: A survivor holds aphotograph of his father,massacred in 1982.Nebaj, Quiché, Guatemala,2000Photo: Jonathan MollerThis Page:Top: Three women,themselves survivors of theviolence, watch as theremains of relatives andfriends who were killed in theearly 1980’s are exhumed.Nebaj, Quiché 2000Photo: Jonathan MollerMiddle: Illegal migrantsare placed in holdingfacilities before they arereturned to Mexico.Photo: Gerald L. NinoBottom: Forensic ComputingLaboratory
EnforcingImmigration Laws
John Jay Alumni Assess Local Law Enforcement’s Dilemma
By Marie Rosen
 When a police badge istransformedinto animmigrationbadge in themindset of theimmigrantcommunity,there will belittlecooperation with police. We want peopleto reportcrime,to bear witnessto crime. And tohave that, You have tohave a certainlevel of trust.
Nearly 38 million immigrants (legal andillegal) reside in the United States, accordingto the Center for Immigration Studies. TheU.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)estimates that about 12 million of them areillegal — that’s nearly one in three.The dilemma for local law enforcementacross the country is whether or to whatextent they should enforce federalimmigration laws.For the most part, enforcement of thecountry’s immigration laws falls under the jurisdiction of the federal government.But, in the absence of clear national policyand limited federal resources, local lawenforcement agencies and the communitiesthey serve have been left on their own toform policies and practices.It’s a complicated issue. Just being hereillegally is a civil, not a criminal, violation andacross the country there is wide variation inhow local law enforcement addresses thisproblem. Policies range from local police andsheriffs being trained and “deputized” tostrictly enforce federal law to localities thatserve as sanctuaries for illegal immigrants.Many departments check status only whena suspect is arrested for a serious crime.Some jurisdictions will check status duringa traffic stop. Others leave the status checkto the holding facility following an arrest.To look at this issue more closely, the topicwas discussed with five John Jay alumni whoare in police leadership positions around thecountry:Lawrence Mulvey (BA ’75), PoliceCommissioner of Nassau County, NYFrank Straub (MA ’90), Commissioner ofPublic Safety for White Plains, NYJohn Timoney (BA ’74), Police Chief ofMiami, FLDennis Weiner (BS ’92), Police Chief ofJuno Beach, FLHubert Williams (BS ’70), Police FoundationPresident, Washington, DCFor them, these issues are not hypothetical,but critical challenges that affect thousandsof lives on a daily basis.For police to do their job effectively, theymust have cooperation from the residents oftheir communities. “It’s the foundation, thebedrock, for policing. When a police badge istransformed into an immigration badge in themindset of the immigrant community, therewill be little cooperation with police,” saysWilliams. “I think it falls to the federalgovernment to enforce immigration law,”says Mulvey. “For us to enforce immigrationlaws, which we really don’t have the authorityto do, would break down all that hard workthat we have engaged in during the yearsdeveloping trust.” This trust, Mulvey believes,is in part responsible for the declining crimerates that his jurisdiction has beenexperiencing. “We want people to reportcrime, to bear witness to crime. And tohave that, you have to have a certain levelof trust.”In Nassau County, all the years of earning thecommunity’s trust were tested in 2007 whenthe department assisted Immigration andCustoms Enforcement (ICE) in a series ofearly morning raids to purportedly apprehend131 gang members who were eligible fordeportation. “Only nine of the targets werelocated, meaning that at 122 locations therewas a consent search where agentsencountered only ordinary citizens andimmigrants, legal and illegal, who were notcriminals, not involved in crime,” Mulveynoted. He withdrew the department’s supportbefore the operation was completed.In Miami, where 70 percent of the city isforeign-born and possesses real empathy andsympathy toward immigrants, “There is areticence of people coming forward becausethere is fear of deportation,” Timoney notes.“And it’s interesting what crimes gounderreported. You see it in the serial sexcrimes.” He recalled that on a number ofoccasions there was a serial rapistvictimizing the Miami community. “Peoplegoing into bedrooms at night… and quite abit of it went unreported until I made pleas ontelevision. Strict enforcement of immigrationlaw would drive immigrants under the radarand there would be the underreporting ofcrime.”Williams, who observed a focus group withthe immigrant community, says, “We foundthat there is a deep fear of deportation withinthe immigrant community that has a chillingeffect on their relationship with lawenforcement.” He recalled that oneparticipant was afraid to get groceries forher children when law enforcement wasaround. Straub also points out that, “If policeare required to question the suspect, theymay have to ask the status of the victim aswell. It’s not a conversation a victim wants tohave.”Straub’s jurisdiction operates similarly to thatof a sanctuary. “I don’t think that local lawenforcement should enforce federalimmigration law. That being said, I don’t thinkthere is necessarily a problem with local lawenforcement participating in task forces thatmay look at serious offenders who areillegal.” In such areas as human trafficking,bank robbery investigations, drug trafficking
A CBP Border Patrol Agent investigates a potential landing area for illegal immigrants along the Rio Grande River in Texas. Photo: James TourtellottePhoto courtesy of US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Policies rangefrom local police and sheriffsbeing trained and “deputized”to strictly enforce federallaw to localitiesthat serve assanctuaries for illegalimmigrants.

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