Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
IVMS-Autonomic Nervous System Summary Notes

IVMS-Autonomic Nervous System Summary Notes

Ratings: (0)|Views: 83 |Likes:
IN IVMS Autonomic and Cardiovascular Pharmacology Course Folder
http://www.scribd.com/collections/3852538/IVMS-Autonomic-and-Cardiovascular-Pharmacology-Course-Folder
IN IVMS Autonomic and Cardiovascular Pharmacology Course Folder
http://www.scribd.com/collections/3852538/IVMS-Autonomic-and-Cardiovascular-Pharmacology-Course-Folder

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Marc Imhotep Cray, M.D. on May 20, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/04/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
Autonomic Nervous System Summary
Page 2
 
Companion PHARM PowerPoint Presentations
IVMS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
• The Autonomic Nervous System is divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic
divisions
 • Basic plan: Nerve impulses propagate from autonomic sensory receptors (and in some cases:somatic sensory neurons and special sensory neurons – fight-or-flight mechanism) in visceralorgans and blood vessels to integrating centers in CNS. Then, impulses from the autonomicmotor neurons propagate back to the effector tissues regulating smooth (eg., intestinal walls, blood vessel walls), cardiac, and many glands.• Autonomic Nervous System operates without conscious control.• Autonomic Nervous System is controlled by centers in the hypothalamus, limbic system, brainstem, spinal cord, and to some extent, by the cerebral cortex.• Examples of autonomic sensory receptors: chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, etc.• Impulses from these receptors are not consciously sensed, except in severe cases like angina pectoris.• Autonomic motor neurons work by increasing or decreasing activities of effector tissues.• Tissues powered by autonomic motor neurons function to some extent even if their nervesupply is damaged.• The structure of Autonomic Nervous System is basically two types of neurons connected inseries. The nucleus of the first neuron is located in the spinal cord or brain; and its axons, after traveling as part of cranial or spinal nerve, are located in the autonomic ganglion. The nucleus othe second neuron is located in the autonomic ganglion, and its axons are located in effector tissue.• The two types of giant neurons communicate only through Ach, but the second neuroncommunicates with effector tissue using Ach or norepinephrine (NE).• The two types of neurons send their impulses through sympathetic and parasympatheticdivisions.• Impulses from both the divisions oppose each other.• The hypothalamus is connected to both the systems.
 Anatomy of Autonomic Nervous System
 • The axon of the first neuron is a small-diameter, myelinated type B fiber that extends to anautonomic ganglion.• The axon of the second neuron is a small-diameter, unmyelinated type C fiber that extends tovisceral effector tissue.
 
 
Autonomic Nervous System Summary
Page 3
 
The formation of the spinal nerve from the dorsal and ventral roots
The term spinal nerve generally refer to a mixed spinal nerve, which carries motor, sensory, andautonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body. Humans have 31 left-right pairs of spinal nerves, each roughly corresponding to a segment of the vertebral column: 8 cervical spinalnerve pairs (C1-C8), 12 thoracic pairs (T1-T12), 5 lumbar pairs (L1-L5), and 5 sacral pairs (S1-S5) and 1 coccygeal pair. The spinal nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system (PNS).http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_nerve

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->