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CAP Power for Aircraft Workbook (1956)

CAP Power for Aircraft Workbook (1956)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: CAP History Library on May 21, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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06/04/2014

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ffi
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PREFACE
The exercises ond
octivities
prescribed
in
this
workbook
will
helpyou
ottoin
the
purposes
of
eoch
lesson.
These
purposes
will
be brought
fo
your
ottention
by your
instructor.
No
excercise
is
to
be otfempted
until
your
reoding
ossignment
hos
been
completed.
Do
not ottempt
theexercises
until
you
hove
mode
preporotion ofter plonning
with
the
instructor
ond
poying
heed
to
his presentotion
ot
fhe
first
lesson
session.
Do
not hesitote
to
use
every method
ot your
commond
in
order to
obtoinessentiol
informotion.
Observe,
reod,
osk
questions
of
your
instructorond
fhe
resource people
thot visit
your clossroom.
you
will
note rhot
lessons
ore
numbered
in
occordonce
with
o noturol
sequence
ond
not with
reference
to o
porticulor
workbook;
for exomple, the
first
lesson
of
the
workbook: Aircroft
in
Flight
is
Lesson
Vll;
fhot
of
the
workbook:
Power
for
Flight
is
Lesson
XlV.
This procedure is olso
used
to
identify
fhe
lesson
plons
of
the
severol booklets
of
the
rnstructor
Guide
series.
By meons
of
o key your instructor
will
help you
correcl
Exercises
l,
2,
ond 3
of
eoch
lesson.
Since
it
hos
not
been possible
to
key
thc
responses
to
Exercise
4,
the
quolity of
these should be opproised during
discussion
by
students
ond
instructor.HAROLD
E.
MEHRENS,
Ediror
P(lWER
F(IR
AIRCRAFT
Lesson
XIU
EXERCISE
NO.
I
(You
hove
5
minufes
fo
complefe
lhis
exercise.)
Ploce
o
I
in the
blonk spoce
which
precedes
o
lrue
stotement; ploce
on
F
in the,blonk
spoce
which
precedes
o
folse
stotement.
o.
..................
Without
o
dependoble
power plont,
the
oirplone
could
not
hove been
put into
procticol
use.
b.
.....i.
. .
Before
the Wright
Brothers
mqde
their
hisioric
flight
ot
Kitty
Howk
in
1903,
men
hod flown
in
mon
corrying
gliders.
c.
..................
From
lhe
outset,
oircroft
power plonls
hove
been
relioble
mochines.
t
d.
..................
The
oircroft
engine
is
o
complele power
unit ond
does
not
depend
on
reloted
syslems
lo
perform
its
function.
". . .i.-
The principles
of
the six
simple mochines
hove no oppli-colion
to oircroft
power
plonts.
f.
..................
The
first
tosk
of
ony engine
is
to
convert
potentiol
energy
into
kinelic -energy.
g.
..................
Energy,
once creoted, connot
be
chonged
inlo
onother
kind
of
energy.
h.
..................
Procticolly
oll
oircroft
engines
ore
externol
combustionengines.
i.......;....-....
Robert Boyle
(1627-l69ll
discovered
thot the
pressure
of
o confined
gos
is
directly proportionol
to
its lemperoture.
i.
.....1.........
All
internol
combustion engines
hove
pistons
lhot
turn
q
cronk shoft
by
meons
of o
connecting rod.
EXERCISE
NO.
2
(You
hove
l0
minufes
fo
complefe
lhis
exercise.)
Fill
in the blonk
spoces
with the word,
or
words,
thot
properly
complele
the
stolement.
o.
When
the
pressure
of o
gos is
doubled,
iis volume
is
.i......................,....
by
one-holf.
 
b.
The
...c.,....:........:.........................,
one
of
the six
simple
mochines,
moy
be
regorded os
on
inclined plone wropped oround
o
shoft.
c.
One
chorocteristic
of
energy
is
thot olthough
it
connot be
creoted
nor
destroyed,
it
con be
..............1......
d.
A
mixture
of fuel,
such
os gosoline
ond
oir,
hos
energy.
e.
Work
is
defined
os
force times
....,...1......
f,
The
child's teeter
totter
on the
ployground
is
on
exomple
of
the
. :
..
.:,
.....,.........
g.
The
wedge
is
o
movoble
...1...,.....................
h. ln
.......
1....,......................
lhe
then
Moior Corl
Spooiz
ond
Coptoin
lro
C.
Eoker kept
the
i. lt
is
lhe
..............;....
....
thot
mokes
sustoined
flight
possible.
i.
Energy
in
oction
is
colled
...........................,
energy.
EXERCISE
NO.
3
(You hove
5
minules
lo
complele
lhis
exercise.)
Drow
o
circle oround
ihe
number
preceding the phrose
thot
mokes lhe
slolement most
correct.
o.
lt
moy be
thot ihe
greotest occomplishment
of
the
Wright
Brothers
wos
to
design
ond
build,
with the
help
of
Chorles
Toylor, the first
suc-cessful
l.
lnternol
compustion
engine.
3.
Aircroft
power
plont.
2.
Sooring
plone.
4.
Commerciol
oir
field.
b.
The
cronk shoft
of
on
internol
combuslion engine is
on
odoptotion
ol
d.
The internol
combustion
engine
puts
to
procticol use
the
lwoprinciples discovered
by
l.
Orville ond
Wilbur
Wright
2.
Generols Eoker
ond
Spootz
3.
Robert Boyle
ond
Jocques
Chorles
4.
Chorles
A.
Lindbergh
e.
The
power generoted
by
on
oircroft
reciprocoting engine
is
pro-
ductive
only
when
hornessed
to
on oirplone
propeller
or
helicopler
rotor
byql.
Control
System
2.
Corburetor
3.
Tronsmission
System
4.
Pulley
System
EXERCISE
NO.
4
(Yov hove
l5
minules
lo
complele
lhis
exercise.)
l.
Write
o
porogroph exploining
the
principles discovered
by
Robert
Boyle
ond
Jocques
Chorles. How
ore
these
principles put
to
procticol
use
in
tfrq interngl
combustion
engine?
r' - :ttr ;
-'
i
2.
-Write
o
porogroph exploining how
the
potentiol energy
in
oircroftfuels is converted into
the
thrust required
for
powered flight.
Lesson
XU
EXERCISE
NO.
I
(You
hove
5
minufes
lo
complele
lhis
exercise.)
Ploce
o
f
in the
blonk
spoce which precedes
o
true
stotement; ploce
on
F
in
the blonk
spoce
which
precedes
o
folse
stotement.
L
I
f
II
I
o.b.
,i........
Reciprocoting
engines
ore olso
known os
reoction
engines.
;. .
The
turbo-iet
engine
is
in
mony respects
less
complicoted
c.
The
first
mon ever
to
moke
o
bolloon
oscension
wos
I
.
The
screw.
2. fhe
wheel
ond
oxle.
l.
.f
ocques
Chorles
2.
Chorles
Toylor
3.
The
pulley.
4.'Ihe
piston
rod.
3.
Octove
Chonuie
4.
Orville
Wright
thon
o reciprocoting
engine.
c........
Most
oircrqft
reciprocoting engines
ore
of
the
"four-
stroke-fi
ve-event-cycle" iype.
d.
..
. .. .
lgnition
in the
combustion
chomber
tokes
ploce
some
iime
ofter the
compression
stroke
is
storted
ond
before
the
power
stroke
is
completed.
I
 
,t
I
A/
engine.
The
diesel engine
shows promise
os
o
future
oircroft

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