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Soap Making Manual

Soap Making Manual

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Soap-Making Manual, by E. G. Thomssen
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Soap-Making Manual, by E. G. Thomssen This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.netTitle: Soap-Making Manual A Practical Handbook on the Raw Materials, Their Manipulation, Analysis andControl in the Modern Soap Plant.Author: E. G. ThomssenRelease Date: October 22, 2010 [EBook #34114]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SOAP-MAKING MANUAL ***Produced by David Clarke, Josephine Paolucci and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team athttp://www.pgdp.net. (This file was produced from images generously made available by The InternetArchive/American Libraries.)Soap-Making ManualA practical handbook on the raw materials, their manipulation, analysis and control in the modern soap plant.
Soap-Making Manual, by E. G. Thomssen1
 
By
 E. G. Thomssen, Ph. D.
ILLUSTRATEDNEW YORKD. VAN NOSTRAND COMPANYEIGHT WARREN STREET1922COPYRIGHT 1922BYD. VAN NOSTRAND COMPANYPrinted in the United States of America* * * * *Transcriber's note:This is a series of articles collected into a book. There are differences in spelling and punctuation in thedifferent chapters (e.g. cocoanut in one chapter and coconut in another). These differences were left in the textas they appeared.For Text: A word surrounded by a tilde such as ~this~ signifies that the word is bolded in the text. A wordsurrounded by underscores like
this
signifies the word is italics in the text.For numbers and equations: Parentheses have been added to clarify fractions. Underscores before bracketednumbers in equations denote a subscript.Minor typos have been corrected and footnotes moved to the end of the chapters.* * * * *PREFATORY NOTE.The material contained in this work appeared several years ago in serial form in the American Perfumer andEssential Oil Review. Owing to the numerous requests received, it has been decided to now place before thoseinterested, these articles in book form. While it is true that the works pertaining to the soapmaking industryare reasonably plentiful, books are quite rare, however, which, in a brief volume, will clearly outline theprocesses employed together with the necessary methods of analyses from a purely practical standpoint. In thework presented the author has attempted to briefly, clearly, and fully explain the manufacture of soap in suchlanguage that it might be understood by all those interested in this industry. In many cases the smaller plantsfind it necessary to dispense with the services of a chemist, so that it is necessary for the soapmaker to makehis own tests. The tests outlined, therefore, are given as simple as possible to meet this condition. Theformulae submitted are authentic, and in many cases are now being used in soapmaking.
Soap-Making Manual, by E. G. Thomssen2
 
In taking up the industry for survey it has been thought desirable to first mention and describe the rawmaterials used; second, to outline the processes of manufacture; third, to classify the methods and illustrate byformulae the composition of various soaps together with their mode of manufacture; fourth, to enumerate thevarious methods of glycerine recovery, including the processes of saponification, and, fifth, to give the mostimportant analytical methods which are of value to control the process of manufacture and to determine thepurity and fitness of the raw material entering into it.It is not the intention of the author to go into great detail in this work, nor to outline to any great extent thetheoretical side of the subject, but rather to make the work as brief as possible, keeping the practical side of the subject before him and not going into concise descriptions of machinery as is very usual in works on thissubject. Illustrations are merely added to show typical kinds of machinery used.The author wishes to take this opportunity of thanking Messrs. L. S. Levy and E. W. Drew for the reading of proof, and Mr. C. W. Aiken of the Houchin-Aiken Co., for his aid in making the illustrations a success, aswell as others who have contributed in the compiling of the formulae for various soaps. He trusts that thiswork may prove of value to those engaged in soap manufacture.E. G. T.January, 1922TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Soap-Making Manual, by E. G. Thomssen3

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