Philippines, not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least 18 years of ageand who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in theplace wherein they propose to vote, for at least six months immediatelypreceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirementshall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. The Omnibus Election code of thePhilippines states on its general provision that it shall be the obligation of everycitizen qualified to vote to register and cast his vote. Also, the Republic Act No.8189 or “Voter’s Registration Act of 1996” cites that in order to be able to vote inany election, a qualified voter shall be registered in the permanent list of votersin a precinct of the city or municipality wherein he resides. However, personsdisqualified from registering are not allowed to vote such as the following (1)those who have been sentenced by final judgment to suffer imprisonment of notless that one (1) year. (2) any person who has been adjudged by final judgmentby a competent court or tribunal of having committed any crime involvingdisloyalty to the duly constituted government such as rebellion, sedition, violationof the firearms laws or any crime against national security and (3)Insane or incompetent persons declared as such by competent authority. For 2000, thecountry’s seven national prisons, registered a total population of 23,695 inmatesor 0.05 percent of 43.3 million voting population.The Voter’s Absentee Voting Act of 2003 allows all qualified citizens of thePhilippines abroad to vote for president, vice-president, senators and party-listrepresentatives. However, those who lost their Filipino citizenship in accordancewith Philippine laws and those who have expressly renounced their Philippinecitizenship and who have pledged allegiance to a foreign country are not eligibleto vote.
Types of Elections
In the Philippines, regular elections are held regularly over a period of timeas mandated by the constitution. These are the following:1.
, for President and Vice-President of the Philippines shallbe held every six years, and for Senators, every three years.2.
, for Members of the House of Representatives, Party ListRepresentatives and Provincial, City and Municipal Officials, every 3 years3.
, every 3 years4.
, for Regional Governor, Regional Vice-Governor, andRegional Assemblymen for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao(ARMM), every 3 years5.
Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Elections
, every 3 years, synchronized withthe barangay elections