Wherever human activity thrives, government has a responsibility to uphold therule of law, ensure the safety and security of its people, and ensureenvironmentally responsible maritime activity.
We call this “maritimegovernance” and it is an essential component of homeland security and the national
security of the United States.For over two hundred years our Coast Guard has provided maritime governance byensuring maritime safety, security and stewardship for the Nation.We protect those on the sea.We protect America from threats delivered by sea.And we protect the sea itself . . . . .
Safety … Security … Stewardship
As a maritime nation, the United States relies on the sea for our prosperity, trade,transportation, and security.We are also an Arctic nation. And the Arctic region is the emerging maritimefrontier, vital to our national interests, economy and security.The Arctic Ocean is rapidly changing from a solid expanse of inaccessible icefields into a growing navigable sea, attracting increased human activity andunlocking access to vast economic potential and energy resources.The economic promise of oil and gas production in the Arctic is increasinglyattractive as the supply of energy from traditional sources will struggle to meetdemand. In the past four years w
e’ve seen well over a 100% increase in traffi
cthrough the Bering Strait, and one million tons of cargo was shipped through theregion last year. In addition, m
ore than 50% of America’s fish stock comes from
the Exclusive Economic Zone off the coast of Alaska.
This change from “hard
” to “soft
, growing economic interests andenergy demands, and increasing use of the seas for maritime activities bycommercial, native, and recreational users demands a persistent, capable U.S.Coast Guard presence in the Arctic region.Our mandate to ensure maritime safety, security and stewardship applies in theArctic just as it applies in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, or the Caribbean Sea.