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School Earthquake Drill

School Earthquake Drill

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Published by joey_cortz
It is important to orient people on earthquake preparedness in order to be informed of what to do before, during and after an earthquake.
It is important to orient people on earthquake preparedness in order to be informed of what to do before, during and after an earthquake.

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Published by: joey_cortz on Apr 16, 2009
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07/10/2013

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How to Conduct Earthquake Drill in School Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology - May 2005
STAGE 1Planning /Organizing the Earthquake DrillA. Form a School Disaster Management Committee
 (SDMC) composed of several teams with specific tasks(
e.g. First Aid Team, Site Security Team, Fire-SafetyTeam, Evacuation Team, Communications Team)
anddesignate an over-all coordinator.
Members of the SDMC should evaluate the school.
1. Have the following information available yearly: totalnumber of students, teachers and staff; total number of students occupying each room, total number of studentsoccupying each floor, total number of students occupyingeach building; and identify students or teachers withspecial needs (sick, old, disabled) and their location.
2.
Acquire the most recent school grounds layout orplan/map. Use this to identify open spaces and determinethe total area of available space that can be utilized as“area of temporary refuge” that will be designated for theoccupants of each building. Determine how many personscan occupy this open space.
(Is the space enough for thetotal number of students and teachers?)3.
Obtain a building lay out/ floor plan for each buildingthat shows the rooms, corridors, staircases and exitpoints.
(Is the width of the corridor wide enough toaccommodate the flow of traffic during an emergency?)
B.
Members of the SDMC should conduct
buildingwatching exercise
and identify safe and unsafe spotsinside the school grounds. This is necessary for stressingthe do’s and don’ts.1. Observe hazardous areas/practices within the schoolpremises and dangerous conditions that may exist whichpeople have not noticed before This should be plotted onthe layout.
(e.g. Any hanging, unstable objects or structure; condition of power lines and utility poles;narrow alleys between buildings; elevators; corridorsare too narrow; are there blockages along the corridorsand exit points; do exit point remain open during schoolhours; doors of classroom that swing in instead of swingout).
Introduction
It is important to orient people on earthquakepreparedness in order to be informed of what to dobefore, during and after an earthquake. During anearthquake, school children are one of the mostvulnerable. As such, it is important for schooladministrators and teachers to be informed on how toproperly conduct an earthquake drill. Teachers are theones who will guide the students. They are the oneswho will teach students how to protect themselves.The conduct of an earthquake drill requires planningand designing of evacuation procedure, as well asorienting teachers and ultimately students on how todo the earthquake drill. Earthquake drills are simpleand easy to do. It only requires planning ahead andconstant practice!The conduct of an earthquake drill is differentfrom that of a fire drill. In a fire drill, the sound of asiren/bell means that a fire is ongoing and alloccupants of the building are to immediately evacuateto ensure their safety. In an earthquake drill, thesound of a siren/bell indicates that a strong shaking isongoing and the level of ground shaking preventspeople to stand and move around. To do so cancause more injury to the person as debris can fall andhurt him. One is not supposed to get out of thebuilding while the shaking is ongoing.
Objectives:
1. To ensure the safety of parents, students,teachers and staff during and after adamaging earthquake;2. To help school administrators and theirdisaster action groups to design a specificresponse plan of the school for earthquakes; 3. To train teachers, school staff and studentson how to practice proper action andresponse during earthquakes; and4. To test various elements of the response plandesigned by the School DisasterManagement Committee (SDMC)
 
6. Once each class has been assigned a specificevacuation site, come up with evacuation procedureusing the available map. Initially, all exit pointsnearest the room of occupants should be suggested astheir exit routes; assuming that these are passableafter the earthquake.7. Determine the flow of traffic from each room alongthe corridors using the information on actual numberof occupants per room and their designatedevacuation area.8. Indicate by arrows, the flow of student evacuationcoming out of each room up to their designatedevacuation site. This will be the suggested earthquakeevacuation route for the students.9. Prepare the final evacuation route and orient all theteachers and school staff about this. (Figure 1)10. Prepare Earthquake Survival Kits (flashlight, batteryoperated radio, water, rope, blanket, candle, matches,tissue papers, tools like wrench, pliers, hammer, etc)11. Prepare First-Aid Kits.
STAGE 2Developing the SchoolEarthquake Evacuation Plan
After identifying the safe and unsafe spots, the next stepis to develop the School Earthquake Evacuation Plan.1. The School Earthquake Evacuation Plan should haveprovision to utilize all available open spaces nearestthe building that are evaluated as safe from fallingdebris and other materials that may cause injuries tostudent.2. Determine if there is sufficient open space for all.Areas to be occupied should be computed assuming 4to 5 students would occupy a 1 sq m area.3. Consider the number of students in each building(morning and afternoon session). Designate a specificopen area for each class as their area of temporaryrefuge.
How to Conduct Earthquake Drill in School Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology - May 2005
 
STAGE 3Orientation prior to the conduct of Earthquake Drill
A.
Prepare the students a week before the scheduledearthquake drill. For each class, instruct the homeroomadviser to do the following:1. Allot a specific time for lecture on earthquakes- what it is,how and why they occur, what to do before during andafter an earthquake.2. Conduct a
classroom observation
 
activity
:
Draw floor plan of classroom (desks, teachers table, cabinets,etc)
Identify the safe spots in the classroom (tables, desks, doors,etc.)
Identify danger zones
(e.g. windows and glass, book shelves,machinery, cabinets and furniture that may topple or slideinside the classroom as well as all hanging and heavy objects)
When dangerous areas within the classroom have beenidentified, ask the students what can be done to correct theseand encourage them to take actions toward correcting this
3. Introduce to the students the suggested evacuation routeprepared by SDMC.4. Introduce to the students the assigned open area wherethey will evacuate after an earthquake5. Assign somebody who will be in charge of making surethe door is open during the shaking
B.
The main concern during an ongoing shaking is how toprotect oneself.
1.
Give specific instructions on
what to do during anearthquake.
Introduce
duck, cover and hold
-Take cover under a sturdy table or strongly supported doorway.-Watch out for falling objects.-Keep calm and don’t panic.
2.
Give specific instructions about
what to do as soon asthe shaking stops
:
Be alert.
Listen to teacher’s instructions.
Walk out of the classroom in an orderly manner.
While walking along the corridors to the nearest exit of thebuilding, be alert and look out for falling debris.
DON’T…Run, DON’T Push,DON’T Talk, DON’T Return, DON’T bring your things
Quietly but quickly proceed to the designated evacuation areafor the class and wait for further instructions from the teacher.
NEVER go back to the building once you are outside. Buildingsshould be inspected by engineers for possible damage after anearthquake. Students should stay in the open area and wait fortheir parents/guardians to pick them up.
3.
For the teacher, make sure all students are accounted foronce in the desinated evacuation area.
PHIVOLCS seismologist Mr. Ishmael Narag demonstrates tostudents the “duck, cover and hold”.Students perform the “duck, cover and hold”.
Teachers make a headcount of students at the designated evacuation area.
How to Conduct Earthquake Drill in School Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology - May 2005

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I thank the people who are behind this very informative site... God bless and more power!
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nice information
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