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AP psychology outline for the Prologue of the Pscyhology textbook by Myers

AP psychology outline for the Prologue of the Pscyhology textbook by Myers

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AP psychology outline for the Prologue of the Pscyhology textbook by Myers
AP psychology outline for the Prologue of the Pscyhology textbook by Myers

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Published by: wickedsunshine398 on Jan 24, 2008
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04/30/2013

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Tina JosephMrs. ShwartzProlouge OutlinePsychology is also known as the scientific sudy of mental processes and behavior.Anything which an organism does is also known as behavior. Sensations, dreams,feelings, emotions are known as a mental process.Socrates and Plato from ancient Greece believed that an individual’s knowledge was anasset born with us, because the body and the mind are two seperable items. Hebrewscholars believed that physical emotions where tied with mental emotions. Buddhaquestioned the ability of emotions becoming ideas. Aristotle questioned Socrates andPlato’s theory of innate knowledge by concluding that knowledge was environmentallyinfluenced. Rene Descartes agreed with Plato and Socrates theory by concluding that‘animal spirits’ flowed thorugh nerves. H e also believed that memories opened poreswithin the brain through which the animal spirits may also flow through. Francis Baconfrom England believed that superstition was coincidential, the believer allowed himself to be woed through coincidential eventswhile they bypass events which would not followthe particular superstition. John Locke believed that an individual’s mind was like play-doh, it is shaped by one’s experiences and is blank when we were born. He also wrote anessay ‘Concerning Human Understanding’.Empiricism is the view that knowledge originates in experience and should rely onobservation and experimenting.Wilheim Wudht administered the first psychology experiments by calculating individualstime of response to simple tasks, he also established the first psychology lab in Germany.His work inspired the branches of structuralism and functionalism.Edward Bradford Titchener introduced structuralism which tried to figure individual’sthoughts and elements by having the individual report how they feel about an object itwas very unreliable.James believed that ‘consciousness served as a function.’. functionalism revealed thatmemories would reveal our present actions.Mary Calkins became the president of the APA ,after being refused or degree fromHarvard.
 
Until the 1920’s-‘scince of mental life’
1920’s-John B Watson and B.F Skinner labeled psychology ‘scientific stuffy of observable behavior.’
1960’s- Care Rogers and Abraham Maslow ‘enviornmental influences whenmeeting the required ‘love and acceptance’
- cognitive reduction – importance of mental processes and how we precess and remember information though process and brain functions Nature – Nurture Debate
Plate- Innate /heridatary
Aristotle –through the senses
Locke-Mind is blank sheet. Enviornmentally influenced
Descartes – same as Innate
Charles Darwin- ‘ Orgin of Species’ ‘Evolutionary process’ Natural Selection-Best trait will prevail through competitionBiopsychosocial approach-analyzes the influences of social-cultural, psychological and biological factor.Different Perspectives
 Neuroscince – Body and Brain enabling sensory experiences and memories
Evolutionary-Traits influence behabior through natural selection
Behavior Genetics-Genes and environmental Influences
Psycodynamics- Unconscious Conflicts spurs behavior 
Behavioral- observal responses
Cognitive- Process ,store and retrieve information
Socail- Cultural- Behavior varies within different culturesVarious Fields (Researchers)
Biological Psychologists-links between brain and mind

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