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19 May The Pontian Greek Genocide Remembrance Day and Mustafa Kemal

19 May The Pontian Greek Genocide Remembrance Day and Mustafa Kemal

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Published by: Rebecca Chapman on May 22, 2013
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19 May, The Pontian Greek Genocide Remembrance DayAndMustafa Kemal
By Dr Ali KILIÇ Paris 19 May 2013
In the Proclamation of the Provisional Gouverment independent theKurdistan of the Koçgiri, March 6, 1921 by Ali
er Koçgiri Zade who declaredcitizens it is essential to turn and shoot your guns against the Kemalist militaryand support unconditionally the struggle of the Pontian Greek people by ourinternationalist solidarity. Judge and condemn war crimes, crimes of genocideand crimes against humanity committed by Enver,Talat, Cemal and thecriminnels Kemalists.The Greek genocide, part of which isknown as the Pontic genocide, was thesystematic extermination of theChristian Greek population from itshistoric homeland in Asia Minor,central Anatolia, and Pontus duringWorld War I and its aftermath (1914–23). It was instigated by thegovernment of the Ottoman Empireagainst the Greek population of the
Empire and it included massacres, forced deportations involving death marches,summary expulsions, arbitrary executions, and destruction of ChristianOrthodox cultural, historical and religious monuments. According to varioussources, several hundred thousand Ottoman Greeks died during this period.Some of the survivors and refugees, especially those in Eastern provinces, took refuge in the neighbouring Russian Empire. After the end of the 1919–22 Greco-Turkish War, most of the Greeks remaining in the Ottoman Empire weretransferred to Greece under the terms of the 1923 population exchange betweenGreece and Turkey. Other ethnic groups were similarly attacked by the OttomanEmpire during this period, including Assyrians and Armenians, and somescholars consider those events to be part of the same policy of extermination.The Pontian genocide of 1916-1922 is the most tragic page of Pontian Greek history. The Pontians had suffered a lot throughout their history of nearly 3.000years, but the genocide was the most terrible of their misfortunes, for it deprivedthe Greeks of the Black sea not only of their friends and relatives, but also of their native land.
And it is evident that remembrance of the genocide isnecessary not only for relatives and descendants of the lost – such terrible factsof human history must be known to all. For if people forget about the pain of other people, if they pass it by with indifference, they kill inside their souls apart of their “humanity” – and this must not be allowed to happen, lest tragediesof this kind might be repeatedWar crimes: That is to say, violations of the laws and customs of war.Such violations shall include, but not be limited to, murder, ill-treatment or
deportation to slave labor or for any other purpose of civilian population of theoccupied territory, murder or ill-treatment of prisoners of war or persons on theseas, killing of hostages, plunder of public or private property, wantondestruction of cities and villages, or devastation not justified by militarynecessity.Crimes against humanity: That is to say, murder, extermination,enslavement, deportation and other inhumane acts committed against anycivilian population, before or during the war, or persecutions political, racial orreligious group. Undoubtedly, genocide is the crime that involves the destructionof one national religious, racial groups. The problem that now arises is whetherthe crime is only one of national importance, it is as if the internationalcommunity is interested. More than one reason pleads for the second alternative.Treat genocide national crime only makes no sense, since by its very nature, theauthor is one of the powerful state groups I'appui this state: a state never pursuean organized crime is perpetrated by itself.
Mustafa Kemal and Nureddine Pacha
 By its legal, moral and human nature, genocide is considered as aninternational crime. The conscience of mankind was deeply shocked by this kindof barbarism mass. Consequently, the crime of genocide would be recognized inthe treaty as a conspiracy to destroy or weaken national religious order groups,racial. The manifestation of this crime can be externalized by attacks against thelife, liberty is the property of members of such groups, and, in their capacity asmembers of this group. The characterization of this crime can go as follows:

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