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Abstract LGBT DDHH English-Colombia Diversa

Abstract LGBT DDHH English-Colombia Diversa

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Published by: Mauricio Albarracín Caballero on May 22, 2013
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   H   o   m   i   c   i   d   e   s ,   p   o   l   i   c   e   a   b  u   s   e   a   n   d   i   m   p  u   n   i   t  y   /   H  u   m   a   n   R   i   g   h   t   s   R   e   p   o   r   t   o   f   L   G   B   T   i   n   d   i  v   i   d  u   a   l   s   i   n   C   o   l   o   m   b   i   a   2   0   1   0  -   2   0   1   1   H   o   m   i   c   i   d   e   s ,   p   o   l   i   c   e   a   b  u   s   e   a   n   d   i   m   p  u   n   i   t  y   /   H  u   m   a   n   R   i   g   h   t   s   R   e   p   o   r   t   o   f   L   G   B   T   i   n   d   i  v   i   d  u   a   l   s   i   n   C   o   l   o   m   b   i   a   2   0   1   0  -   2   0   1   1
Presentation
Giving continuity to the work startedeight years ago, Colombia Diversa oersan updated landscape around the degreeo respect and guarantees o humanrights in respect to lesbians, gay men,bisexuals, and transgender people in thecountry. In its 2010-2011 edition, thereport presents the main conclusions o an investigation ocused on documenting,describing, and analyzing two o themost common human rights violationsthat have the greatest impact among theColombian LGBT population: homicidescommitted due to hate or prejudice andpolice abuse.Regarding the homicide subject, arigorous qualitative study is presentedconcerning local judicial practicesand prejudices that oment theimpunity o these crimes. The chapterdedicated to police abuse constitutesa judicious examination on the design,implementation, and evaluation o somestrategies ormally undertaken by theNational Police to reduce this type o violations o human rights.Based on the evidence collected overmore than a year o work, ColombiaDiversa identied the characteristic traitso both victimization processes in thecountry, their context, and the socialdynamics that are usually inserted, as wellas the visible obstacles in the eectiveaccess to domestic justice. A product o this exercise, the 2010-2011 report collectsa series o pointed recommendationsto improve the state response beoreviolations o human rights, in particularthose that aect lesbian, gay, bisexual, andtransgendered people.© Colombia DiversaBogotá, 2012It is an NGO working or therights o the lesbian, gay,bisexual and transgender people(LGBT) in Colombia.
www.colombiadiversa.org
General coordination:MARCELA SANCHEZ BUITRAGOExecutive directorResearch and text:Catalina Cruz Lleras:Justice is blind in the ace o evidence o crimes because o prejudice against LGBT peopleMauricio Albarracín Caballeroand Viviana Bohorquez Monsalve:Police abuse against LGBTpeopleProoreadingYeniter PoleoLayoutIVÁN ONATRA LTDAPrintON LINE VISIÓN GRÁFICA
 
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   H   o   m   i   c   i   d   e   s ,   p   o   l   i   c   e   a   b  u   s   e   a   n   d   i   m   p  u   n   i   t  y   /   H  u   m   a   n   R   i   g   h   t   s   R   e   p   o   r   t   o   f   L   G   B   T   i   n   d   i  v   i   d  u   a   l   s   i   n   C   o   l   o   m   b   i   a   2   0   1   0  -   2   0   1   1   H   o   m   i   c   i   d   e   s ,   p   o   l   i   c   e   a   b  u   s   e   a   n   d   i   m   p  u   n   i   t  y   /   H  u   m   a   n   R   i   g   h   t   s   R   e   p   o   r   t   o   f   L   G   B   T   i   n   d   i  v   i   d  u   a   l   s   i   n   C   o   l   o   m   b   i   a   2   0   1   0  -   2   0   1   1
2. Threats through pamphlet:LGBT people as a paramilitaryobjective
Since 2008 there were warnings aboutthe massive circulation o pamphletsin various departments o the country,in which LGBT people received deaththreats. Oten times these pamphletswere anonymous, but in other casesthey were signed by paramilitary groupsknown as “criminal bands”. Throughthese pamphlets, socially marginalizedgroups o people were designated aswar objectives, among which were LGBTpeople, so that they would be banishedor eliminated rom the places wherethese illegal organizations exert orpretend to exert territorial control.
Table No. 1 Threatening pamphlets against LGBTpeople by year and by departmentSources: press inormation, complaints by socialorganizations, responses o reedom o inormationrequests to local prosecutors and ombudsmen.
When contrasting the pamphlets againstthe number o homicides by department,it was not possible to establish a directrelationship that would determinethe rise in the numbers. However,the threats within these loose sheetsrepresent a grave and imminent risk thatis increasing with the indierence o theauthorities. As no eective preventionmechanisms have been developed, theLGBT population is exposed to unjustiedsituations o helplessness, completelyvulnerable to attacks such as thoseannounced.
3. 2010-2011 period: the highestamount o homicides o LGBTpeople since 2006.
At least 280 LGBT people were killedbetween 2020 and 2011. This is thehighest amount o homicides reportedby Colombia Diversa since 2006, when itbegan to publish these reports.
3.1. Homicides by department
The ve departments with the highestamount o reported homicides wereAntioquia, Valle del Cauca, Bogotá D.C.,Risaralda, and Norte de Santander. Thehigh numbers corresponding to therst three places cannot be evaluatedin an isolated manner: it must be notedthat in Medellín, Cali, and Bogotá existthe largest and most outstanding LGBTorganizations in the country, which alsodetermine that in these cities the index o complaints is higher. As a consequence,the availability o inormation is alsohigher.
Justice is blind in the aceo evidence o crimesbecause o prejudiceagainst LGBT people
Public ocials in Colombia continueto ignore the need to investigatediscrimination and prejudice as possiblemotives o violence against LGBTpeople, despite the number o cases thatcontinue to occur and whose victimsare lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, andtransgender people.This document presents the generallandscape around our aspects that giveevidence o the vulnerable situationo this population: 1) the absence o inormation systems that can giveaccount o the violations o their humanrights; 2) the threats through pamphletsmade between 2010 and 2011; 3)the characterization o LGBT peoplehomicides in the same period, and 4) theactual state o access to justice by LGBTpeople
1
.
1 . Lack o inormation systemsconceals crimes against LGBTpeople.
Colombia Diversa has expressed itspreoccupation about the lack o uniedinormation systems that make up acomplete and up to date register o theviolence against LGBT people. Therehave been some advances in The NationalInstitute o Forensic Medicine inormationsystem, an institution that, even though itregisters and reports violent acts related toLGBT people, only shows two categories,“man” and “woman”. This not only makesinvisible, but also hinders the possibility o making a dierential analysis o the victims,in what pertains to their sexual orientationas lesbian, gay, bisexual, or their identityas a transgender person. For example, theCoroner’s oce reported the homicideo an unemployed man in Medellin inOctober 2010. When comparing theinormation against other sources, it couldbe established that, in reality, it was atransgendered woman, sex worker, andthat at the time the body was removed, hewore a brassiere. I Colombia Diversa hadnot had access to additional inormationsources, this case would have remained asthe murder o a gay man.The non-existence o unied databases not only subtracts visibility romthe violations perpetrated against thispopulation, but also aects the consistencyo the inormation collected by the stateauthorities, generates conusions, andaects the orceulness o the reports thatare distributed, as the inormation will varyaccording to the source
2
.
1Colombia Diversa has Access to a database that registers the rights violations against LGBT people, orexample, violations to the right to lie and personal integrity. The inormation is extracted rom our mainsources: 1) Radio, printed media, and television; 2) complaints by non-government organizations and activiststhat deend the rights o LGBT people; 3) individual complaints o which Colombia Diversa has direct knowl-edge; 4) ocial inormation provided by State entities (Attorney General, National Police, public deenders,advocates, National Institute o Coroners and Forensic Sciences, among others); this last source is made up o data that was handed over as the result o Freedom o Inormation petitions (Derechos de Petición) made byColombia Diversa. In particular, Colombia Diversa is thankul to the Santamaría Foundation o Cali and CaribeArmativo o Cartagena, organizations that annually contribute a large portion o this inormation through thedata collected by their observatories o human rights and the reports or their corresponding regions.2 For each annual report, Colombia Diversa conrms with the authorities the number o homicides o LGBTpeople corresponding to previous years. It is habitual or these sources to report new data. In this way, it has
DEPARTMENTPAMPHLETS2010PAMPHLETS2011
Atlántico22Bolívar10Cesar10Córdoba11Magdalena20Norte de San-tander12Santander10Sucre01TOTAL PAMPHLETS98
The non-existence of unieddata bases (...) affects
the consistency of the
information collected by thestate authorities.
Since 2008 there were
warnings about the massivecirculation of pamphletsin various departments
of the country, in which
LGBT people received deaththreats.
been possible to modiy and update the numbers or each o the preceding reports: During the investigationor this report, it was veried that the number corresponding to 2006-2007 was 99 LGBT people murdered,while or the period o 2008-2009, the number o victims was 164. In conclusion, the data on homicides o members o the LGBT population do not have denitive records.

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