H o m i c i d e s , p o l i c e a b u s e a n d i m p u n i t y / H u m a n R i g h t s R e p o r t o f L G B T i n d i v i d u a l s i n C o l o m b i a 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1 H o m i c i d e s , p o l i c e a b u s e a n d i m p u n i t y / H u m a n R i g h t s R e p o r t o f L G B T i n d i v i d u a l s i n C o l o m b i a 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1
2. Threats through pamphlet:LGBT people as a paramilitaryobjective
Since 2008 there were warnings aboutthe massive circulation o pamphletsin various departments o the country,in which LGBT people received deaththreats. Oten times these pamphletswere anonymous, but in other casesthey were signed by paramilitary groupsknown as “criminal bands”. Throughthese pamphlets, socially marginalizedgroups o people were designated aswar objectives, among which were LGBTpeople, so that they would be banishedor eliminated rom the places wherethese illegal organizations exert orpretend to exert territorial control.
Table No. 1 Threatening pamphlets against LGBTpeople by year and by departmentSources: press inormation, complaints by socialorganizations, responses o reedom o inormationrequests to local prosecutors and ombudsmen.
When contrasting the pamphlets againstthe number o homicides by department,it was not possible to establish a directrelationship that would determinethe rise in the numbers. However,the threats within these loose sheetsrepresent a grave and imminent risk thatis increasing with the indierence o theauthorities. As no eective preventionmechanisms have been developed, theLGBT population is exposed to unjustiedsituations o helplessness, completelyvulnerable to attacks such as thoseannounced.
3. 2010-2011 period: the highestamount o homicides o LGBTpeople since 2006.
At least 280 LGBT people were killedbetween 2020 and 2011. This is thehighest amount o homicides reportedby Colombia Diversa since 2006, when itbegan to publish these reports.
3.1. Homicides by department
The ve departments with the highestamount o reported homicides wereAntioquia, Valle del Cauca, Bogotá D.C.,Risaralda, and Norte de Santander. Thehigh numbers corresponding to therst three places cannot be evaluatedin an isolated manner: it must be notedthat in Medellín, Cali, and Bogotá existthe largest and most outstanding LGBTorganizations in the country, which alsodetermine that in these cities the index o complaints is higher. As a consequence,the availability o inormation is alsohigher.
Justice is blind in the aceo evidence o crimesbecause o prejudiceagainst LGBT people
Public ocials in Colombia continueto ignore the need to investigatediscrimination and prejudice as possiblemotives o violence against LGBTpeople, despite the number o cases thatcontinue to occur and whose victimsare lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, andtransgender people.This document presents the generallandscape around our aspects that giveevidence o the vulnerable situationo this population: 1) the absence o inormation systems that can giveaccount o the violations o their humanrights; 2) the threats through pamphletsmade between 2010 and 2011; 3)the characterization o LGBT peoplehomicides in the same period, and 4) theactual state o access to justice by LGBTpeople
1 . Lack o inormation systemsconceals crimes against LGBTpeople.
Colombia Diversa has expressed itspreoccupation about the lack o uniedinormation systems that make up acomplete and up to date register o theviolence against LGBT people. Therehave been some advances in The NationalInstitute o Forensic Medicine inormationsystem, an institution that, even though itregisters and reports violent acts related toLGBT people, only shows two categories,“man” and “woman”. This not only makesinvisible, but also hinders the possibility o making a dierential analysis o the victims,in what pertains to their sexual orientationas lesbian, gay, bisexual, or their identityas a transgender person. For example, theCoroner’s oce reported the homicideo an unemployed man in Medellin inOctober 2010. When comparing theinormation against other sources, it couldbe established that, in reality, it was atransgendered woman, sex worker, andthat at the time the body was removed, hewore a brassiere. I Colombia Diversa hadnot had access to additional inormationsources, this case would have remained asthe murder o a gay man.The non-existence o unied databases not only subtracts visibility romthe violations perpetrated against thispopulation, but also aects the consistencyo the inormation collected by the stateauthorities, generates conusions, andaects the orceulness o the reports thatare distributed, as the inormation will varyaccording to the source
1Colombia Diversa has Access to a database that registers the rights violations against LGBT people, orexample, violations to the right to lie and personal integrity. The inormation is extracted rom our mainsources: 1) Radio, printed media, and television; 2) complaints by non-government organizations and activiststhat deend the rights o LGBT people; 3) individual complaints o which Colombia Diversa has direct knowl-edge; 4) ocial inormation provided by State entities (Attorney General, National Police, public deenders,advocates, National Institute o Coroners and Forensic Sciences, among others); this last source is made up o data that was handed over as the result o Freedom o Inormation petitions (Derechos de Petición) made byColombia Diversa. In particular, Colombia Diversa is thankul to the Santamaría Foundation o Cali and CaribeArmativo o Cartagena, organizations that annually contribute a large portion o this inormation through thedata collected by their observatories o human rights and the reports or their corresponding regions.2 For each annual report, Colombia Diversa conrms with the authorities the number o homicides o LGBTpeople corresponding to previous years. It is habitual or these sources to report new data. In this way, it has
Atlántico22Bolívar10Cesar10Córdoba11Magdalena20Norte de San-tander12Santander10Sucre01TOTAL PAMPHLETS98
The non-existence of unieddata bases (...) affects
the consistency of the
information collected by thestate authorities.
Since 2008 there were
warnings about the massivecirculation of pamphletsin various departments
of the country, in which
LGBT people received deaththreats.
been possible to modiy and update the numbers or each o the preceding reports: During the investigationor this report, it was veried that the number corresponding to 2006-2007 was 99 LGBT people murdered,while or the period o 2008-2009, the number o victims was 164. In conclusion, the data on homicides o members o the LGBT population do not have denitive records.