Gas Cap Testing
Gas cap testing checks for leaks from around vehicle gas cap seals.Invisible gasoline or diesel fumes are volatile gases and seepage into theatmosphere may go otherwise undetected if inspections are not made.According to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, about 40 percent of hydrocarbon emissions in the air is due to evaporation of gasoline from leakygas caps. The instrument used for testing consists of a short, wide tube with a pressurized gauge attached. One end of the tube connects to the uncovered gascap on the vehicle, and the gas cap that was removed is screwed onto the other end. Pressure is applied and the reading on the gauge reveals any leaks.
INDIAN DRIVING CYCLES & EMISSION NORMS
Table 1: Indian Emission Standards (4-Wheel Vehicles)StandardReferenceDateRegionIndia 2000Euro 12000NationwideBharat Stage IIEuro 22001NCR*, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai2003.04NCR*, 13 Cities†2005.04NationwideBharat Stage IIIEuro 32005.04NCR*, 13 Cities†2010.04NationwideBharat Stage IVEuro 42010.04NCR*, 13 Cities†* National Capital Region (Delhi)† Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat,Kanpur, Lucknow, Sholapur, Jamshedpur and AgraThe above standards apply to all new 4-wheel vehicles sold and registered in therespective regions. In addition, the National Auto Fuel Policy introduces certainemission requirements for interstate buses with routes originating or terminatingin Delhi or the other 10 cities.For 2-and 3-wheelers, Bharat Stage II (Euro 2) will be applicable from April 1,2005 and Stage III (Euro 3) standards would come in force from April 1, 2010.