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135915920-Ansys-Tutorial.pdf

# 135915920-Ansys-Tutorial.pdf

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09/06/2013

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Introduction
ANSYS is a general purpose finite element modeling package for numerically solving a wide variety of mechanical problems. These problems include: static/dynamic structural analysis (both linear and non-linear), heat transfer and fluid problems, as well as acoustic and electro-magnetic problems.In general, a finite element solution may be broken into the following three stages. This is a generalguideline that can be used for setting up any finite element analysis.1.

Preprocessing: defining the problem
; the major steps in preprocessing are given below:
o

Define keypoints/lines/areas/volumes
o

Define element type and material/geometric properties
o

Mesh lines/areas/volumes as requiredThe amount of detail required will depend on the dimensionality of the analysis (i.e. 1D, 2D, axi-symmetric, 3D).2.

Solution: assigning loads, constraints and solving
; here we specify the loads (point or pressure),contraints (translational and rotational) and finally solve the resulting set of equations.3.

Postprocessing: further processing and viewing of the results;
in this stage one may wish to see:
o

Lists of nodal displacements
o

Element forces and moments
o

Deflection plots
o

Stress contour diagrams
Starting up ANSYS
Large File Sizes
ANSYS can create rather large files when running and saving; be sure that your local drive has space for it.
Getting the Program Started
In the Mec E 3-3 lab, there are two ways that you can start up ANSYS:1.

Windows NT application2.

Unix X-Windows application
Windows NT Start Up
Starting up ANSYS in Windows NT is simple:

Programs

ANSYS

Run Interactive Now

Unix X-Windows Start Up
Starting the Unix version of ANSYS involves a few more steps:

in the task bar at the bottom of the screen, you should see something labeled
X-Win32
. If you don'tsee this minimized program, you can may want to reboot the computer, as it automatically starts thisapplication when booting.

right click on this menu and selection
Sessions
and then select
Mece
.

you will now be prompted to login to GPU... do this.

once the Xwindows emulator has started, you will see an icon at the bottom of the screen that lookslike a paper and pencil; don't select this icon, but rather, click on the up arrow above it and select
Terminal

a terminal command window will now start up

in that window, type
xansys

at the UNIX prompt and a small
launcher

select the
Run Interactive Now