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Security in GSM

Security in GSM

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Published by Pramod Doke
GSM Securities
Ref: Ref.: Yong LI , Yin CHEN, Tie-Jun MA
GSM Securities
Ref: Ref.: Yong LI , Yin CHEN, Tie-Jun MA

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Published by: Pramod Doke on May 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/23/2013

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Security in GSM
Ref.:
Yong LI , Yin CHEN, Tie-Jun MA 
 
Contents:
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GSM
MOBILE STATION
BASE STATION SUBSYSTEM
NETWORK SUBSYSTEM
GSM SECURITY MODEL
THE PURPOSE OF GSM SECURITY:
SECURITY FEATURES OF GSM
Authentication of the registered subscribers
Encryption of the data
Other security features
THE ALGORITHMS
PROBLEMS WITH GSM SECURITY
THE LIMITATION AND PROBLEMS WITH GSM SECURITY
SOME POSSIBLE METHOD OF ATTACKS.
POSSIBLE IMPROVEMENT
CONCLUSION
ACRONYMS
REFERENCES
Telcomz 2
 
1. A Brief Introduction to GSM
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular mobile phonesystem in the world. According to a press release by the GSM Association recently, there aremore than 747.5 million subscribers in over 184 countries today by the time of September2002, accounting for 71.2% of the World's digital market and 69% of the World's wirelessmarket. The number of subscribers worldwide is expected to surpass one billion by the end of 2003.The name GSM first comes from a group called Group Special Mobile (GSM), which wasformed in 1982 by the European Conference of Post and Telecommunications administrations(CEPT) to develop a pan-European cellular system that would replace the many existingincompatible cellular systems already in place in Europe. But when GSM service started in1991, the abbreviation "GSM" was renamed to Global System for Mobile Communicationsfrom Group Special Mobile. The typical architecture of GSM network was shown infigure 1.The GSM network can be divided into three parts. The Mobile Station carries thesubscriber; the Base Station Subsystem controls the radio link with the Mobile Station; theNetwork subsystem, the main part of which is the Mobile services Switching Center, performsthe switching of calls between the mobile and other fixed or mobile network users, as well asmanagement of mobile services, such as authentication. Not shown is the Operations andMaintenance center, which oversees the proper operation and setup of the network. TheMobile Station and the Base Station Subsystem communicate across the air interface or radiolink. The Base Station Subsystem and the Network Subsystem are also called the fixednetwork
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Telcomz 3

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