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The European Southern Observatory – Reaching New Heights in Astronomy

The European Southern Observatory – Reaching New Heights in Astronomy

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Flyer containing general compressed information about ESO.
Flyer containing general compressed information about ESO.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 23, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain


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The European Southern Observatory —Reaching New Heights in Astronomy
ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is the foremostintergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe.Created in 1962, ESO carries out an ambitious programmefocused on the design, construction and operation ofpowerful ground-based observing facilities.
The Very Large Telescope — The World’s Most Advanced Visible-light Astronomical Observatory
With four Unit Telescopes with main mirrors 8.2 metres indiameter and four movable 1.8-metre Auxiliary Telescopes,the Very Large Telescope array (VLT) is the agship facility
for European ground-based astronomy. Each of the Unit Telescopes can see objects that are four billion times fainterthan those visible to the naked eye. The Unit Telescopes orthe Auxiliary Telescopes can also work together to form agiant VLT Interferometer (VLTI) allowing astronomers to see
details up to 25 times ner than with the individual telescopes.
 The VLT is the most productive astronomical observatoryin the world and its instrumentation programme is the mostambitious ever conceived for a single observatory.
 VLT image of the stellar nursery IC 2944
   I  z   t  o   k   B  o  n  c   i  n  a   /   E   S   O
The Atacama Pathfnder Experiment — Reaching
New Heights in Submillimetre Astronomy
 The Atacama Pathnder Experiment, APEX, is a 12-metre
diameter telescope, operated by ESO at one of the highest
observatory sites on Earth, at an elevation of 5100 metres,on the Chajnantor plateau in Chile’s II region. APEX, whichis a pathnder for ALMA, is a collaboration between the Max-Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIfR), the Onsala
Space Observatory (OSO) and ESO.
The European Extremely Large Telescope —The World’s Biggest Eye on the Sky
Since 2005, ESO and astronomers and industries from all overEurope have collaborated to dene the European Extremely
Large Telescope, E-ELT. With a 39-metre main mirror, theE-ELT will be able to gather 13 times more light than the larg-est optical telescopes operating today and will be the largestoptical/near-infrared telescope in the world. The E-ELT will
tackle the biggest scientic challenges of our time, and may,
eventually, revolutionise our perception of the Universe asmuch as Galileo’s telescope did 400 years ago. Start of opera-tions for the E-ELT is planned for early in the next decade.
   E   S   O   /   C .   M  a   l   i  n

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