The International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement
is made up of theInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), theInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties (IFRC) and the National Societies.
The International Committee o the RedCross
is an impartial, neutral and independentorganization whose exclusively humanitarianmission is to protect the lives and dignity o victims o armed confict and other situations o violence and to provide them with assistance.The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suering bypromoting and strengthening humanitarian lawand universal humanitarian principles. Establishedin 1863, the ICRC is at the origin o the GenevaConventions and the International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinatesthe international activities conducted by theMovement in armed conficts and other situationso violence.
The International Federation o Red Crossand Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
is theworld’s largest volunteer-based humanitariannetwork, reaching 150 million people each yearthrough its 187 member National Societies.Together, the IFRC acts beore, during andater disasters and health emergencies to meetthe needs and improve the lives o vulnerablepeople. It does so with impartiality as tonationality, race, gender, religious belies, classand political opinions. Guided by Strategy 2020— a collective plan o action to tackle the majorhumanitarian and development challenges o this decade — the IFRC is committed to ‘savinglives and changing minds’.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
is guided by seven Fundamental Principles:
humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity
All Red Cross and Red Crescent activities have one central purpose:
to help without discrimination those who sufer and thus contribute to peace in the world.
International Federation ofRed Cross and Red Crescent Societies
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
embody the work and principles o theInternational Red Cross and Red CrescentMovement in more than 188 countries. NationalSocieties act as auxiliaries to the public authoritieso their own countries in the humanitarian eldand provide a range o services including disasterrelie, health and social programmes. Duringwartime, National Societies assist the aectedcivilian population and support the army medicalservices where appropriate.