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Red Cross Red Crescent Magazine. No. 1, 2013

Red Cross Red Crescent Magazine. No. 1, 2013

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Red Cross / Red Crescent magazine covers a range of humanitarian issues. Articles include features on the activities of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies as they seek to help people around the world. The magazine is free of charge. See online edition and previous issues: http://www.redcross.int/en/mag/archives.html
Red Cross / Red Crescent magazine covers a range of humanitarian issues. Articles include features on the activities of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies as they seek to help people around the world. The magazine is free of charge. See online edition and previous issues: http://www.redcross.int/en/mag/archives.html

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Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on May 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Red Cross Red Crescent
ISSUE 1.2013www.redcross.int
‘The humanitarian adventure’
The vision behind the Movement’s newly reopened museum
From horror to hope
A child refugee turned author takes on humanity
Voices for humanity
Red Cross Red Crescent 
magazine wants your views
A journey intothe heart of humanity
The International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement
is made up of theInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), theInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties (IFRC) and the National Societies.
The International Committee o the RedCross
is an impartial, neutral and independentorganization whose exclusively humanitarianmission is to protect the lives and dignity o victims o armed confict and other situations o violence and to provide them with assistance.The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suering bypromoting and strengthening humanitarian lawand universal humanitarian principles. Establishedin 1863, the ICRC is at the origin o the GenevaConventions and the International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinatesthe international activities conducted by theMovement in armed conficts and other situationso violence.
The International Federation o Red Crossand Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
is theworld’s largest volunteer-based humanitariannetwork, reaching 150 million people each yearthrough its 187 member National Societies.Together, the IFRC acts beore, during andater disasters and health emergencies to meetthe needs and improve the lives o vulnerablepeople. It does so with impartiality as tonationality, race, gender, religious belies, classand political opinions. Guided by Strategy 2020— a collective plan o action to tackle the majorhumanitarian and development challenges o this decade — the IFRC is committed to ‘savinglives and changing minds’.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
 is guided by seven Fundamental Principles:
humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity
All Red Cross and Red Crescent activities have one central purpose:
to help without discrimination those who sufer and thus contribute to peace in the world.
International Federation ofRed Cross and Red Crescent Societies
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
embody the work and principles o theInternational Red Cross and Red CrescentMovement in more than 188 countries. NationalSocieties act as auxiliaries to the public authoritieso their own countries in the humanitarian eldand provide a range o services including disasterrelie, health and social programmes. Duringwartime, National Societies assist the aectedcivilian population and support the army medicalservices where appropriate.
ISSUE 1.2013
Echoes from the past, glimpses of the future
N LATE AUGUST 1945, a young man namedFritz Bilfnger was the frst ICRC delegateto reach Hiroshima ater the city was dev-astated by an atomic bomb. “Conditions ap-palling,” he wrote in his frst telegram to theICRC’s representative in Tokyo, Marcel Junod.“City wiped out. Eighty per cent o all hospitalsdestroyed or seriously damaged… Eect o bomb mysteriously serious…Just as Japanese Red Cross Society nurses anddoctors were dealing with a horror beyondtheir imagination, Bilfnger had come ace toace with the unknown, a situation ar beyondany o his previous experiences. The archives o the ICRC, the IFRC and manyNational Societies are ull o stories that echoBilfnger’s struggles. Arteacts, letters, photosand drawings reveal an ongoing eort to fndsolutions in extreme, oten hostile conditions. Thanks to the courage, hard work and human-ity o those volunteers, delegates and sta over the last 150 years, the humanitarian o the21st century has a worldwide network o col-leagues and a body o knowledge and law thatnow backs up and protects (albeit imperectly)their eorts.But even in today’s world, which boasts a vasthumanitarian sector, we still ace many un-knowns. The need or courage, humanity andinnovation is as great as ever. Just as Move-ment ounder Louis Appia drew meticuloussketches o rolling stretchers and ambulancewagons (above) in order to share best prac-tices with edgling relie societies, today’sdelegates and volunteers are solving complexproblems with new ideas and the creative useo the latest technology. Movement eorts toshare evidence-based frst-aid procedures andbest surgical practices, develop early warningsystems and track disease via cell phone net-works are just a ew examples.
A special edition
 This edition o 
Red Cross Red Crescent 
maga-zine, which commemorates 150 years sincethe o cial creation o the ICRC, is dedicatedto these humanitarian innovators: volunteers,delegates and sta who have worked tirelesslyto make the world a more humane place. Theycome rom all walks o lie, but their commonhumanity has compelled them to act even inthe ace o grave challenges.We mark 150 Years o Humanitarian Actionwith a historical timeline, accompanied bycurrent-day stories that reect many o thesame challenges our predecessors had totackle. Our eature ocus is the conict in A-ghanistan, which in many ways is emblem-atic o the problems aced by humanitarianstoday. The series on Movement history willcontinue throughout the year as we look atthe evolution o National Societies and the150th anniversary o the frst National Societ-ies. Then, in early 2014, we will commemoratethe 150th anniversary o the frst Geneva Con-vention by analysing the historic, current-dayand uture challenges or international hu-manitarian law.In a world where neutral and impartial hu-manitarian action is still not universally under-stood or respected, these anniversaries remindeveryone that humanitarianism has endured,and that the values espoused by both HenryDunant and today’s humanitarian ambassa-dors represent norms o behaviour that mustbe respected. These milestones are also a chance to reecton the key questions acing humanitarian ac-tion. We hope the stories in this issue will helpinspire this examination and, on page 28, wedescribe how to contribute your voice to thediscussion. How should the Movement adapt?What have we learned? What are the most in-spiring trends? The most threatening? Givenwhat has been achieved — starting romscratch — in the last 150 years, what can weand must we achieve with the tools we nowhave beore the Movement’s 200th anniver-sary? It’s your uture. Now it’s your move. Let’swrite history, together.Sincerely,
Malcolm Lucard
Red Cross Red Crescent 
Today, the Movement uses technologyto reconnect amilies, send out stormwarnings and sanitation messages duringnatural disasters or, as pictured in theIFRC project above, track the spread andtreatment o inectious disease.That spirit o courage and invention inthe ace o hardship continued whenICRC teams perormed surgery in aremote Yemeni desert in the 1960s.One o the frst ICRC delegates,Louis Appia, used sketches to sharehumanitarian innovations.
     P     h    o    t    o    :     I     C     R     C    a    r    c     h     i    v    e    s     P     h    o    t    o    :     I     C     R     C    a    r    c     h     i    v    e    s     P     h    o    t    o    :     B    e    n    o     i    t     M    a    t    s     h    a  -     C    a    r    p    e    n    t     i    e    r     /     I     F     R     C

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