Unit IUnit IUnit IUnit IUnit I
Distribution, Density, Growthand Composition
The people are very important component of a country. India is the second most populouscountry after China in the world with its totalpopulation of 1,028 million (2001). India’spopulation is larger than the total populationof North America, South America and Australia put together. More often, it is argued that sucha large population invariably puts pressureon its limited resources and is also responsiblefor many socio-economic problems in thecountry.
How do you perceive the idea of India? Isit simply a territory? Does this signify anamalgam of people? Is it a territoryinhabited by people living under certaininstitutions of governance?
In this chapter, we will discuss thepatterns of distribution, density, growth andcomposition of India’s population.
Sources of Population DataSources of Population DataSources of Population DataSources of Population DataSources of Population Data
Population data are collected throughCensus operation held every 10 years in ourcountry. The first population Census in Indiawas conducted in 1872 but its first completeCensus was conducted only in 1881.
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Examine Fig. 1.1 and try to describe thepatterns of spatial distribution of populationshown on it. It is clear that India has a highly uneven pattern of population distribution. Thepercentage shares of population of the statesand Union Territories in the country (Appendix–i)show that Uttar Pradesh has the highest population followed by Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
Looking at the data in Appendix (i) arrange the Indianstates and union territories according to their sizes andpopulation and find out :