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Tales of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa- IIED

Tales of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa- IIED

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Published by paceminterris
Issue 61 of Participatory Learning and Action.....lots of useful information for anyone engaged in community outreach programmes...
Issue 61 of Participatory Learning and Action.....lots of useful information for anyone engaged in community outreach programmes...

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Published by: paceminterris on May 24, 2013
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01/30/2014

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61
participatorylearningandaction
Tales of shit: Community-LedTotal Sanitation in Africa
 
 Participatory Learning and Action
(
 PLA
) –formerly 
 PLA Notes
and
 RRA Notes
is published twice a year.Established in 1987, it enables practitioners of participatory methodologies from around the world toshare their field experiences, conceptual reflections,and methodological innovations. The series is informaland seeks to publish frank accounts, address issues of practical and immediate value, encourage innovation,and act as a ‘voice from the field’. We are grateful to the Swedish InternationalDevelopment Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the UK Department for International Development (DfID) fortheir continued financial support of 
 PLA
. We would also like to thank Plan USA, Plan UK,UNICEF East and Southern Africa Region, and alsoIrish Aid, for providing financial support that enabledthe participants and the editorial team to travel andparticipate in the CLTS writeshop. The viewsexpressed in this publication do not necessarily reflectthe views of the funding organisations or the employersof the authors.
 Participatory Learning and Action
61© IIED, 2010Order no: 14573IIEDCover illustration: Regina Faul-DoyleDesign and layout: Smith+BellPrinted by: Park Communications Ltd, LondonGuest editors: Petra Bongartz, Samuel MusembiMusyoki, Angela Milligan and Holly Ashley.Editors: Holly Ashley, Nicole Kenton, and Angela Milligan.Strategic Editorial Board: Nazneen Kanji, Cath Long,Jethro Pettit, Michel Pimbert, andDavid Satterthwaite.International Editorial Advisory Board:Oga Steve Abah, Jo Abbot, Jordi Surkin Beneria,L. David Brown, Andy Catley, Robert Chambers,Louise Chawla, Andrea Cornwall, Bhola Dahal,Qasim Deiri, John Devavaram, Charlotte Flower,FORCE Nepal, Ian Goldman, Bara Guèye,Irene Guijt, Marcia Hills, Enamul Huda, Vicky Johnson, Caren Levy, Sarah Levy, Zhang Linyang,PJ Lolichen, Ilya M. Moeliono, Humera Malik,Marjorie Jane Mbilinyi, Ali Mokhtar, Seyed Babak Moosavi, Neela Mukherjee, Trilok Neupane, EsseNilsson, Zakariya Odeh, Peter Park, Bardolf Paul,Bimal Kumar Phnuyal, Giacomo Rambaldi, PeterReason, Joel Rocamora, Jayatissa Samaranayake,Madhu Sarin, Daniel Selener, Anil C Shah, Meera Kaul Shah, Jasber Singh, Marja Liisa Swantz,Cecilia Tacoli, Peter Taylor, Tom Wakeford, Eliud Wakwabubi, and Alice Welbourn.The International Institute forEnvironment and Development (IIED)is committed to promoting social justiceand the empowerment of the poor and marginalised. Italso supports democracy and full participation indecision-making and governance. We strive to reflectthese values in
 Participatory Learning and Action
. Forfurther information contact IIED, 3 Endsleigh Street,London WC1H 0DD, UK. Website: www.iied.orgThis work is licensed under the CreativeCommons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.Recipients are encouraged to use it freely for not-for-profit purposes only. Please credit the authors and the
 PLA
series. To view a copy of this license, visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 orsend a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street,Suite 300, San Francisco, California 94105, USA. We welcome contributions to
 PLA
. For informationand guidelines, please see the inside back cover.
Subscribe
Subscriptions are free to the South. For moreinformation please contact: Research InformationLtd., Grenville Court, Britwell Road, Burnham, SL18DF, UK. Email: info@researchinformation.co.uk  Website: www.researchinformation.co.u
Purchase back issues
Please contact Earthprint Ltd., PO Box 119, Stevenage,SG1 4TP, UK. Email: orders@earthprint.co.uk  Website: www.earthprint.co.uk Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) is an umbrella term for a wide range of approaches andmethodologies, including Participatory Rural Appraisal(PRA), Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), Participatory Learning Methods (PALM), Participatory ActionResearch (PAR), Farming Systems Research (FSR), andMéthode Active de Recherche et de PlanificationParticipative (MARP). The common theme is the fullparticipation of people in the processes of learningabout their needs and opportunities, and in the actionrequired to address them.In recent years, there has been a number of shiftsin the scope and focus of participation: emphasis onsub-national, national and international decision-making, not just local decision-making; move fromprojects to policy processes and institutionalisation;greater recognition of issues of difference and power;and, emphasis on assessing the quality andunderstanding the impact of participation, rather thansimply promoting participation.
 Participatory Learning and Action
reflects these developments andrecognises the importance of analysing andovercoming power differentials which work to excludethe already poor and marginalised.
 
1
Editorial
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
3
Glossary of CLTS acronyms, terms and definitions
........................................................................................................
9
International glossary of shit
....................................................................................................................................................................
15
Theme issue abstracts
........................................................................................................................................................................................
19THEME SECTION: TALES OF SHIT: COMMUNITY-LED TOTAL SANITATION IN AFRICA
1.Overview: Tales Of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa 
 Petra Bongartz, Samuel Musembi Musyoki, Angela Milligan and Holly Ashley
......
27
2.Scaling up CLTS in sub-Saharan Africa 
 Sophie Hickling and Jane Bevan
..............................................................................................................................................
51PART I: COMMUNITY-LEVEL PROCESSES
3.Freeing the imagination: innovations in CLTS facilitation in Zimbabwe
 Herbert Kudzanai Chimhowa
......................................................................................................................................................
65
4.Walking down the forbidden lane: 'shit talk' promotes sanitation
 Mariama Munia Zombo
....................................................................................................................................................................
73
5.From
amazzi
to
amazi
: it’s
not 
a water problem
Terry A. Wolfer and Robin W. Kloot 
......................................................................................................................................
81
6.Breaking shit taboos: CLTS in Kenya 
 Buluma Bwire
..................................................................................................................................................................................................
91
7.CLTS in East Africa: a path to child and youth empowerment?
Cathy Shutt 
..........................................................................................................................................................................................................
97
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