your lab notcbook. Thc qucstions askcd in thc 6.002 prc-lab assig~nncnts rc indicativc of thc typcof qucstio~is ou sliould ask wlicn
a scicntific or cnginccring hypothcsis. Your analysisof thcsc qucstions should ~notivatc nd guidc thc cxpcrinicnts you will pcrforni, and suggcst howtlic cxpcrimc~ital csults will co~ifirm r rcfutc thc liypotlicsis undcr
Thc 6.002 prc-lab assiglimcnts will gcncrally a~ialyzc nd prcdict thc pcrformancc of an clcc-tronic circuit, and rcsult in prcdictio~isor thc data you will rccord during your in-lab work. As youwork througli tlic
you should think about how you could cxpcrilncntally dctcrlnincwhcthcr your analysis is corrcct. If you do not scc how thc in-lab work sccks to vcrify your prc-labwork, thcn ncithcr cffort is of valuc cvcn if both arc corrcctly pcrfor~ncd.Finally, as you work ontlic prc-lab assignnicnts, you should takc thc
to ~icatly raw tlic circuits you will build duringyour in-lab work, and to prcparc any graphs and tablcs ncccssary to organizc data rccording.
Thc notcs you takc during your in-lab work arc siniply a rccord of wliat you did and wliat youobscrvcd.
mi~iinialccord includcs at lcast tlic following.
labclcd circuit diagram in your lab notcbook adjaccnt to tlic rccordcd data. Thc diagramshould includc: voltagc and currcnt sourcc a~nplitudcs nd frcqucncics: rcsistor, capacitor,and inductor valucs; scniiconductor and intcgratcd circuit namcs; oscilloscopc and niulti~nctcrco~i~icctions: you think arc important to circuit opcratioli such asnd any otlicr co~~ilncnts
coniponcllt tcmpcraturc and so on. You should also notc or skctch your prcdictio~isbcforc you takc a mcasurcnicnt.(2)
rccord of your spccific proccdurcs and mcasurcmc~its.This should includc kcy oscilloscopcand ~nultilnctcr
niadc wliilc rccordi~igdata, small coniponcntcha~igcs nd so on. You should rccord raw data in your notcbook and intcrprct it latcr,cvcn if latcr nicans only a fcw ~ninutcs atcr bcforc you niovc on to tlic ncxt cxpcrinicnt.For cxa~nplc,f you usc thc voltagc drop across a rcsistor to lncasurc a currcnt you shouldrccord tlic mcasurcd voltagcs in your lab notcbook and convcrt thcsc nicasurcnicnts to currcntlatcr. If any data is u~icxpcctcdly argc or small? or noisy or noisc-frcc, for cxamplc, or sonicadjustnicnt is particularly largc or scnsitivcl you sliould notc this in your lab notcbook as partof thc data. Finally, i~icludcd n your notcbook should bc all coni~nc~itscccssary to rccrcatcyour cxpcri~ncntal roccdurc.Wavcfornis skctchcd dircctly from tlic oscilloscopc warrant a fcw additional guidclincs. Ncvcrniakc a rough skctch that you will copy into your lab ~iotcbookatcr: cach tinic data is copicdfrom o~icncdiuni to anothcr, ncw crrors and intcrprctations crccp silcntly into thc data.Rathcr, ~icatly kctcli tlic wavcform dircctly into your lab notcbook as accuratcly as possiblc.Sucli skctchcs should bc at lcast as largc as thc oscilloscopc scrccn, and arc
accuratc ifyou lct thc rulcd syuarcs of your notcbook graph papcr corrcspo~id o thc rulcd graticulc ontlic oscilloscopc scrccn.
Coninicntary about i~iaccuracics n your data.Rccord and plot prcciscly what you scc asaccuratcly as possiblc; do not rccord what you cxpcct to scc. Rclatcd to thc accuratc rccordingof data is tlic issuc of precision. You 111ust indicatc in your data how prccisc your rcadings arc.Sucli an i~idication an bc as simplc as an cstiniatc of tlic ~ioiscn thc mcasurcnicnt. Wlicnskctcliing oscilloscopc data bc surc to indicatc thc tracc width and any othcr rclcvant fcaturcsof tlic wavcfor~n.
Cite as: Anant Agarwal and Jeffrey Lang, course materials for 6.002 Circuits and Electronics, Spring 2007.MIT OpenCourseWare (http://ocw.mit.edu/), Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Downloaded on [DD Month YYYY].