TREATYtreaty. 1. An agreement formally signed, ratified, or adhered to between two nations or sovereigns; an international agreement concluded between two or more states in written form andgoverned by international law.— Also termed accord; convention; covenant; declaration; pact. Cf.EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT. [Cases: Treaties 1. C.J.S. Treaties § 2.]“[T]he legal terminology used by the United States to describe international agreements ismarkedly different from that employed elsewhere. Under the U.S. Constitution, the term ‘treaty’has a particular meaning — an agreement made by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.” David J. Bederman, International Law Frameworks 158 (2001).commercial treaty. A bilateral or multilateral treaty concerning trade or other mercantileactivities. • Such a treaty may be general in nature, as by supplying the framework of long-termcommercial relations. Or it may be specific, as by detailing the conditions of particular branchesof trade or other commercial transactions. Sometimes a treaty of this kind deals with an individual project, such as a guaranty agreement. [Cases: Treaties 8. C.J.S. Treaties § 6.]defensive treaty.A treaty in which each party agrees to come to the other's aid if one isattacked by another nation. See treaty of alliance.“Defensive treaties, as generally understood, are made to secure the parties to them againstaggression from other states. They may, also, aim at the maintenance of internal quiet, or of neutrality amid the conflicts of neighboring powers. To attempt to gain any of these objects is notnecessarily contrary to the law of nations or to natural justice. Mutual aid, indeed, against thedisturbers of internal quiet, may secure an absolute government against popular revolutions infavor of liberty, but if a confederation or alliance may secure to its members the enjoyment of freeinstitutions, there is no reason, as far as international law is concerned, why institutions of anopposite kind may not support themselves in the same way.” Theodore D. Woolsey, Introductionto the Study of International Law § 107, at 171 (5th ed. 1878).dispositive treaty (dis-poz-<<schwa>>-tiv). A treaty by which a country takes over territory by impressing a special character on it, creating something analogous to a servitude or easement in private law.guarantee treaty.An agreement between countries directly or indirectly establishing aunilateral or reciprocal guarantee. — Also spelled guaranty treaty. — Also termed treaty of guarantee; quasi-guarantee treaty; pseudo-guarantee treaty.“In many instances where the term ‘guarantee’ is used in international treaties, thecontracting parties merely intend to underline their willingness to comply with the obligation theyhave entered into. Obligations of this kind do not fall within the concept of guarantee in the proper sense of the term. In this particular respect, the expression ‘pseudo-guarantees' or ‘quasi-guaranteetreaties' is used.” George Ress, “Guarantee Treaties,” in 2 Encyclopedia of Public InternationalLaw 634 (1995).mixed treaty. A treaty with characteristics of different types of treaties, esp. contrasting types(e.g., permanent and transitory, or personal and real).nonaggression treaty. See NONAGGRESSION PACT.nonproliferation treaty. A treaty forbidding the transfer of nuclear weapons from a countrywith a nuclear arsenal to one that does not have nuclear-weapons capability. • The first such treatywas concluded in 1968, and now more than 100 nations have agreed to its terms. — Also termednuclear-nonproliferation treaty.