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10)Teori Kinetik Gas

10)Teori Kinetik Gas

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Published by niki

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Published by: niki on Apr 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/10/2013

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TEORI KINETIK GAS
 
 
Model Gas Ideal
 Terdiri atas partikel (atom atau molekul) yang jumlahnya besar
Partikel-partikel tersebut tersebar merata dalamseluruh ruang
Partikel-partikel tersebut bergerak acak kesegala arah
 Jarak antar partikel jauh lebih besar dari ukuranpartikel
 Tidak ada gaya interaksi antar partikel kecualibila bertumbukan
Semua tumbukan (antar partikel atau dengandinding) bersifat lenting sempurna dan terjadidalam waktu yang sangat singkat
Hukum Newton tentang gerak berlaku
 
 
Persamaan Keadaan GasIdeal
P
= Tekanan gas [N.m
-2
]
= Volume gas [m
3
]
n
= Jumlah mol gas [mol]
N
= Jumlah partikel gasN
A
= Bilangan Avogadro =
R
= Konstanta umum gas = 8,314 J.mol
-1
-1
B
= Konstanta Boltzmann = 1,38 x 10
-23
J.K 
-1
= Temperatur mutlak gas [K]
 Nk nRT  PV 
 B
==
 A
 N  N n
=

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