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GERAK HARMONIK SEDERHANA

GERAK HARMONIK SEDERHANA

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Published by Ce_cE

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categoriesTypes, School Work
Published by: Ce_cE on Apr 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/06/2013

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GERAK HARMONIK SEDERHANA
Gerak harmonic sederhana adalah gerak bolak – balik di sekitar titikkesetimbangan. Misalkan, sebuah pegas yang digerarkan bandul padaujungnya.Persamaan Gerak harmonic sederhana adalah:
Y = A in
ω
t
atau
Y = A sin 2
Ω
Ft
Keterangan:
Y = Simpangan
A = Simpangan maksimum / amplitude
Ω = Kecepatan sudut ( rad/s)
F = Frekuensi
T = Waktu
→ Jika posisi sudut awal adalah
θ
0.
maka persamaan gerak harmonicsederhana menjadi:Y = A sin
ω
t +
θ
0
(
ω
t +
θ
0
) dinamakanSudut Fase (
θ
)
θ =
ω
t +
θ
0
ω = 2
Ω
F = 2
 
Ω
1/T
θ
= Sudut Fase (radian)
θ
= 2
Ω
t/F +
θ
0
 
Kecepatan dan Percepatan gerak harmonic sederhanaa)Kecepatan Gerak harmonic sederhanaDari Persamaan gerak harmonic sederhana: Y = A sin
ω
tKecepatan gerakharmonik sederhana:v = dy = d (sin A sin
ω
t)dt dtv = A
ω
cos
ω
tKecepatan meksimum diperoleh jikanilaicos
ω
t = 1 atau
ω
t = 0Sehnggav maks = A
ω
cos o= A
ω
(1)
v maks = A ω
 b)
Kecepatan untuk berbagi simpangan dari simpangan persamaangerak harmonic sederhanaY = A sin
ω
t~ Persamaan tesebut di kuadratkan :Y
2
= A
2
sin
2
ω
tIngat bahwa : sin
2
θ +
cos
2
 
θ
= 1sin
2
θ =
1 -cos
2
θ
Maka : y
2
= A
2
( 1- cos2
ω
t )
 
Y
2
= A
2
A
2
cos
2
 
ω
t …(1)Dari persamaan : v = A
ω
cos
ω
tv = A cos
ω
t …(2) 
ω
Kalikan kedua pers (2) ke pers (1)y
2
= A
2
ω
2 – Vv
2
= A
2
ω
2
ω
2
y
2
v =
ω
(A
2
– y
2
)Keterangan :
v = Kecepatan benda pada simpangan tertentu (m/s)
ω
= kecepatan sudut (rad/s)
A = Amplitudo (simpang maksimum)
y = simpangan* Percepatan Gerak harmonic sederhanaPercepatan kecepatan :v = A
ω
cos
ω
tMaka percepatan Gerak harmonic sederhana (a):
a
= dvdt
a
=
d
 
dt
a
=
- A
 
ω
2
sin
ω
tPercepatan maksimum jika
ω
t = 1 atau
ω
t = 90
o
=
π
2 
a
max = -
A
ω
2
sin
π
2
a
max = -
A
ω
2

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