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200 windows tips

200 windows tips

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Published by Sonu Rai
200 windows tips
200 windows tips

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Published by: Sonu Rai on Jan 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/07/2013

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COVER FEATURE
PCANSWERS
.CO.UK
JANUARY 2004
38
W
hen you install Windows on your PC you geta ‘one sizefits all’installation.It’s thenup to you to make OSchanges to suit your way of working.Thesecustomisations are necessary becausethe requirements of,for example,abusiness user who uses
QuickBooks
and
MicrosoftOffice
are differenttothe user who plays fast-movinggames and both have differentneeds to an artdirector who uses
Photoshop
to render images manymegabytes in size.Each person will wantto customisedifferentsettings to optimise their PCtoo.The business user will wantcustomdesktop icons and a good backuproutine.The games enthusiastwantsfastgraphics and quick response timeand the
Photoshop
user wants fastdiskaccess and good memorymanagement.All of them would like atrouble-free system thatdoesn’tfailand,if itdoes,they wantto be able toputitback together quickly and easily.We’ve rounded up
200
tips forconfiguring and customising Windows,and for troubleshooting problems youmay encounter.Because Windows XP isthe mostcommonly used OS we’veconcentrated on itbutmany of thesetips are equally applicable to WindowsMe and
98
.We’ve also included sometweaks specially for Windows
98
andMe users thatrelate to issues peculiarto these OSes.
The fine print...
One word of warning before we begin.Many of these tips involve makingchanges to the Registry which iscritical to the smooth running of Windows.Even if you’re confidentin your skills in editing the Registry,take abackup before you begin and neverchange or delete something you don’tunderstand the use of.It’s simply notsmartto wipe outyour Registry tryingto save 100 milliseconds in startuptime today when itwill take you therestof the day to putthe mess right!Enough said.It’s time to roll up your sleeves,dustoff your wish listof things you always wanted Windows todo and getstarted tweaking itto fit.
WINDOWS TIPS
Whether you’re looking for a faster boot time, a prettierdesktop or some new tools to play with,
Helen Bradley
has unearthed 200 tips to do the job, and do it well
ESSENTIAL
WINDOWS TIPS
Compatible with Windows:
 
JANUARY 2004
39
PCANSWERS
.CO.UK
WINDOWS TIPS
COVER FEATURE
Before you editthe Registry,take a back up of it.ChooseStart-> Run -> Regeditand choose File -> Export.From theExportrange,click All and type a filename and location for the file,thenclick Save.Many programs are installedbutare turned off bydefault.To enable these,from the Control Panel choose Add orRemove Programs -> Add/RemoveWindows Components,and enableunchecked or greyed-outcheckboxes.Before installing newsoftware or making changesto your setup,create amanual restore pointby choosingStart-> All Programs -> Accessories ->System Tools -> System Restore andclick Create a restore point.When you change yourmind and wanttoinstall a Windows update you’ve previously declined to install,choose Control Panel -> System ->Automatic Updates tab and clickRestore Declined Updates.To determine whichWindows updates areinstalled,turn off theAutomatic Update feature.ChooseControl Panel -> System -> AutomaticUpdates tab and disable the ‘Keep mycomputer up to date’option.Alternately,enable itand choose oneof the firsttwo settings options to benotified of whatupdates are availablefor installing.No bootable CD drive? Youcan create bootable floppiesto use using a tool fromMicrosoft.Visit
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=
310994
to findmore information and links todownload the set-up disks.When your Windows XPinstall freezes,remove extracards (although notyourgraphics card) and any attacheddevices and try again.Add the cardsand other devices back when theinstall is complete.To add SystemAdministration Tools to yourStartmenu,right-click theStartmenu,choose Properties -> StartMenu tab -> Customize -> Advancedtab.Scroll the Startmenu items tolocate the System AdministrativeTools option and enable the ‘Displayon the All Programs and the Startmenu’option.To install the Backup utilityin Windows XP Homeedition (it’s installed alreadyin Pro),locate the file \valudeadd\msft\ntbackup\ntbackup.msi on your Windows CD and double-clickitto run the set-up wizard.Stop Windows fromhighlighting newly installedprograms by right-clickingStart,click Properties -> StartMenutab -> Customize -> Advanced tab andclear the ‘Highlightnewly installedprograms’checkbox.If you watch movies or playgames on your PC,makesure you’re using the latestversion of 
DirectX 
.Visit
www.microsoft.com/windows/directx/
tosee whatthe currentversion is and tofind links to download it.When installing a devicewhich isn’tPlug-and-Play,choose Control Panel ->System -> Hardware tab and click theAdd Hardware Wizard button to stepthrough the required process.Before moving to a newcomputer run the Files andSettings Transfer (FAST)wizard to move files and settings to your new computer.Choose Start->All Programs -> Accessories -> SystemTools -> Files and Settings TransferWizard to run it.Visit
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=
304903
tolearn more.
13121110090807060504030201
Smoother Windowsinstallation
Get goingfaster
>
TOP TIP
Want to get Windowsup and running faster?Then here are somethings to try
While itmay only take aminute or two for yourcomputer to startup,itoftenfeels like the process takesmuch longer.To speed thingsup,consider stripping downWindows.Items on yourdesktop such as icons andwallpaper consume memoryand take time to display.If they’re notneeded,removethe wallpaper and replace itwith a coloured background,and clean up unused icons bymoving them to a UnusedDesktop Shortcuts folder on your desktop:right-click thedesktop,click Arrange IconsBy -> Run Desktop CleanupWizard.Run Defrag todefragmentyour hard driveso files are faster to access.If you’ve added andremoved programs over aperiod of time,clean up yourPC’s Registry using a Registryclean up tool like
Registry Mechanic 
2.1
from
www.winguides.com
.Remove anyprograms thatloadautomatically atstartup andwhich you don’tneed or use.You’ll find tips on these pagesfor paring back your start-upfolder and using msconfigand the Registry to locate anddisable other programs fromrunning.If things gettooslow,consider backing up all your data,settings and devicedrivers and perform a cleanreinstall of Windows.
14
One simple way to improve system performance is to use Defrag regularly  Add System Administration tools to your Startmenu for quick accessThe File and Settings Transfer Wizard saves your settings for moving to a new computer 
1308
 
PCANSWERS
.CO.UK
JANUARY 2004
40
WINDOWS TIPS
COVER FEATURE
When using the WindowsUpdate site you’ll beprompted to enable anActive X control to run.If you’d prefernotto alter your
InternetExplorer 
security settings,add a securityexemption for the Windows Updatesite.In
InternetExplorer 
choose Tools ->InternetOptions -> Security tab andclick Trusted Sites and then Sites.Typethe URL from the Windows Updatesite into the textarea and disable theRequire server verification (https://) forall sites in this zone checkbox.ClickAdd -> OK.If you’ve lostyour WindowsXP key,visit
www.magicaljellybean.com/keyfinder.shtml
and download thefreeware utility
Magical Jelly BeanKeyfinder 
.Run itto locate your key andthen either printitor save itto a textfile so you can reinstall Windows.When the name of theregistered owner of thecomputer isn’tyou and youwantto change it,do this using aRegistry fix.Open the Registry (Start->Run,type Regeditand click OK).In theregistry,selectMy Computer thenchoose Edit-> Find and type RegOwnerin the search box.When the entryis located,right-click it,chooseModify and alter itas required.TheRegCompany key directly above this isthe Company name.
171615
Enable the InternetConnection Firewall to protectyour computer  Add Windows Update site to your trusted sites and you won’thave to alter security settingsProtectyour Media Player’s anonymity when you visita Web site
To share a folder on anetwork,in WindowsExplorer,right-click thefolder and choose Properties ->Sharing tab.Enable the ‘Share thisfolder on the network’checkbox,type aname if required and click OK.Add a My Network Placesicon to your desktop byright-clicking the desktop,choose Properties -> Desktop tab ->Customize Desktop -> General tab.Enable the My Network Placescheckbox and click OK.Send a message to othernetwork users by choosingControl Panel ->Administrative Tools -> ComputerManagementand then choose Action-> All Tasks -> Send Console Message.Type the message,add any PCs notinthe listto the listand choose Send tosend it.To configure the InternetConnection Firewall (ICF),inthe Control Panel chooseNetwork Connections,selectyourconnection,right-click and chooseProperties -> Advanced tab and enablethe ‘Protectmy computer and networkby limiting or preventing access to thiscomputer from the Internet’checkbox.Enable the InternetConnection Firewall (ICF) foreach of your connections(broadband and dialup) separatelyand,if you’re sharing an Internetconnection,enable itonly on the PCdirectly connected to the Internet.When you need to know your IP address choose Start-> All Programs ->Accessories -> Command Promptandtype ipconfig /all.If you receive messages via
Messenger 
from the Internet you can stop this by choosingControl Panel -> Administrative Tools ->Services and double-click
Messenger 
.Click Stop and from the Startup typelist,choose Disabled to prevent
Messenger 
from auto loading.Kill
Windows Messenger 
forgood by followingMicrosoft’s instructions forremoving itat
http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=
302089
.For information aboutyourconnection,choose Start->All Programs -> Accessories-> System Tools -> System Informationand choose Tools -> NetDiagnostics.Click Scan your system and a detailedreportaboutyour Windowsinstallation and your networkconnection will appear.Protectyour privacy bystopping Windows MediaPlayer from sendinginformation thatidentifies your copy of media player to any site you receivedata from.Launch Windows MediaPlayer,choose Tools -> Options -> Playertab and disable the ‘Allow Internetsitesto uniquely identify your player’option.To lock your computer whenitis operating in a domainenvironment,press [Ctrl] +[Alt] + [Del] and click the LockComputer option.To unlock thecomputer,press [Ctrl] + [Alt] + [Del],and type your password.
2827262524232221201918
Improved Internet andnetworking experience
152124

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