Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Propagation at Extremely Low Frequencies (Dana Porrat)

Propagation at Extremely Low Frequencies (Dana Porrat)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 40 |Likes:
This article, we provide a brief description of the propagation characteristics of these waves based on a simplified model of ELF electromagnetic wave propagation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide. We discuss some interesting consequences of the long-distance propagation of ELF waves through the waveguide, one of which is the focusing of the waves at the antipode of the source. Another is the occurrence of resonance in the waveguide. We also discuss some practical applications of ELF waves and the special considerations which can affect communication systems.
This article, we provide a brief description of the propagation characteristics of these waves based on a simplified model of ELF electromagnetic wave propagation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide. We discuss some interesting consequences of the long-distance propagation of ELF waves through the waveguide, one of which is the focusing of the waves at the antipode of the source. Another is the occurrence of resonance in the waveguide. We also discuss some practical applications of ELF waves and the special considerations which can affect communication systems.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: THE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE on May 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/18/2013

pdf

text

original

 
ÈÖÓÔØÓÒØÜØÖÑÐÝÄÓÛÖÕÙÒ×  
ÒÈÓÖÖØÒÒØÓÒݺÖ×Ö¹ËÑØ ËÌÊÄÓÖØÓÖÝ ÐØÖÐÒÒÖÒÔÖØÑÒØ ËØÒÓÖÍÒÚÖ×ØÝ ËØÒÓÖ¸¿¼ ÍË 
ÖÙÖݽ¼¸¾¼¼¿ ½ 
 
ÓÒØÒØ× 
½ËÑÔЬÏÚÙÅÓÐ ¾ÔÔÐØÓÒ× 
¾º½ÐØÖÓØÅÓÙÐØÓÒºººººººººººººººººººººººº 
¿ÖÓÙÒÆÓ× ÌËÙÑÒÒÊ×ÓÒÒ½¼ ÜØÒ×ÓÒÓØÏÚÙÅÓн¾ 
º½Ê-ØÓÒÓÒØ׺ººººººººººººººººººººººº½¿ º¾ÏÚÙÓÑØÖݺºººººººººººººººººººººººº½ º¿ÓÑÒØкººººººººººººººººººººººººº½ º¿º½ÆÓÒ¹ÖÔÖÓØÝÓÄÈÖÓÔØÓÒºººººººººººº½ 
ÒØÔÓЫØ×½ ÁÓÒÓ×ÔÖÊ-ØÓÒ½ ÌÁÒÓÑÓÒÓÙ×ÁÓÒÓ×ÔÖ¾ 
º½Ý»ÆØÌÖÑÒØÓÖ«غººººººººººººººººººº¾ º¾ÁÓÒÓ×ÔÖ×ØÙÖÒ׺ººººººººººººººººººººº¾ º¾º½ÎÖØ×Ó×ØÙÖÒ׺ººººººººººººººººº¾ º¾º¾ÒÖÐÓÒ×ÖØÓÒ׺ºººººººººººººººººº¾ º¾º¿ËÔ¬«Ø׺ººººººººººººººººººººººº¾ 
ÄÐÙÐØÓÒÅØÓ×¾ 
º½ÌÙÐÐßÏÚÔÔÖÓºººººººººººººººººººººº¿¼ º¾ÌÌÒÄÝÖÔÔÖÓºººººººººººººººººººººº¿½ º¿ÄØÖÐÎÖØÓÒ×ÒØÏÚÙºººººººººººººººº¿½ ¾ 
 
ÜØÖÑÐݹÐÓÛÖÕÙÒݴĵÐØÖÓÑÒØÛÚ×´ÖÕÙÒ×ÒØ ÖÒ¿ÀÞØÓ¿ÀÞµÖÓÒØÖ×ØÒØ×Ò×ÒÒÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×ÓÖ ÒÙÑÖÓÖ×ÓÒ׺ÈÖÔ×ÑÓ×ØÑÔÓÖØÒظÐØÒÒ×ÔÓÛÖÙÐÒØÙÖР×ÓÙÖÓÐØÖÓÑÒØÖØÓÒÒØ×ÖÕÙÒÝÖÒÒØÖØÖ×¹ Ø×ÓÐØÒÒÒ×ØÙÒÓÒ×ÖÐØÐÝÑÒÑ×ÙÖÑÒØ× ÓÒØÛÚ×ØÒÖØ׺ÁÒÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×ÓÒØÜظØÒØÙÖÐÐݹÓÙÖÖÒ ÐØÒÒ¹ÒÖØÛÚ×ÓÒ×ØØÙØÒÓ×ÖÓÙÒØØÒÖÒ ÄÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×ÐÒºÇÒØÓØÖÒ¸ÄÛÚ×ØÖÚÐÛØÐØØÐ ØØÒÙØÓÒØÓÐÖ×ØÒ×ÒØ×ÔØÛÒØÖØ³××ÙÖÒØ ÓÒÞÙÔÔÖÐÝÖ×ÓØÖØ³×ØÑÓ×ÔÖ´ºº¸ØÓÒÓ×ÔÖµÒØÙ× ØÝÒÔÖÓÚÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×ÓÚÖÐÖÖÓÒ×ÓØÖØºÙÖØÖÑÓÖ¸ÛÒÓÑÔÖÛØØÓØÖÖ¹ÖÕÙÒÝÓÖÑ×ÓÐØÖÓÑÒØÛÚ× Ù×ÓÖÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ׸ÄÛÚ×ÖÖÐØÚÐÝÙÒ«ØÝ×ØÙÖÒ× ÒØÓÒÓ×ÔÖÒØÙ×ØÝÒÔÖÓÚÑÓÖÖÐÐÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×ÐÒ ÙÖÒØÑ×Ó×ÓÐÖØÚØݺÒÐÐݸØÝÔÒØÖØÕÙØÛÐÐØÖÓÙ ØÓÒÙØÒÑØÖÐ×ØÝÔÐÐÝÒÓÙÒØÖÓÒØÖØ³××ÙÖÒØÙ× ØÝÒÙ×ÓÖÔÖÓÒØ×ÙÖ¸ÓÖÔÖÓ×ÔØÒ¸ÒÓÖÖØÒÓÖÑ× ÓÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒØÖÓÙØÖØÒØ×ºÁÒØ×ÖØÐ¸ÛÔÖÓÚÖ×ÖÔØÓÒÓØÔÖÓÔØÓÒÖØÖ¹ ×Ø×ÓØ×ÛÚ××ÓÒ×ÑÔЬÑÓÐÓÄÐØÖÓÑÒØÛÚ ÔÖÓÔØÓÒÒØÖØ¹ÓÒÓ×ÔÖÛÚÙºÏ×Ù×××ÓÑÒØÖ×ØÒ ÓÒ×ÕÙÒ×ÓØÐÓÒ¹×ØÒÔÖÓÔØÓÒÓÄÛÚ×ØÖÓÙØÛÚ¹ Ù¸ÓÒÓÛ×ØÓÙ×ÒÓØÛÚ×ØØÒØÔÓÓØ×ÓÙÖºÒÓØÖ×ØÓÙÖÖÒÓÖ×ÓÒÒÒØÛÚÙºÏÐ×Ó×Ù×××ÓÑ ÔÖØÐÔÔÐØÓÒ×ÓÄÛÚ×ÒØ×ÔÐÓÒ×ÖØÓÒ×ÛÒ «ØÓÑÑÙÒØÓÒ×Ý×ØÑ׺ÁÒÓÖÖØÓØØÖÙÒÖ×ØÒÄÛÚÔÖÓÔØÓÒÒØÖØ¹ÓÒÓ×ÔÖ ÛÚÙ¸ØÐØÖÐÔÖÓÔÖØ×ÓØÛÚÙÛÐÐ×ÒØÓØÒÒØÓ ÓÙÒظ×ÛÐÐ×Ø«ØÓÝÒÑÒ×ÒØÓÒÓ×ÔÖºÒÓØÖ ØÓÖ«ØÒØÛÚÙ×ØÓÑÒجÐ¸ÛÙ××ØÛÚ¹ ÙØÓÒ×ÓØÖÓÔºÒÐÐݸÙ×ØÓÑÔÐÜØÝÓØÛÚÙÑ× Ø×ÒÐÝØÐ×ÖÔØÓÒÙÐظÛ×Ù××ØØÛÓÑÓ×ØÓÑÑÓÒÑØÓ× ¿ 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->