The wetter the ground, the less resistance it will have. This is the reason buildings have their ownearth connection and do not rely on the earth point at the distribution transformer.
Earthing for Safety
For an electrical system to be safe, a sufficient level of protection must be provided. This can beachieved by the use of insulation and earthing. The table below details the level of protection (LOP)provided by different types of insulation and earth.
Abbr.Earth TypeLevel of Protection (LOP)FE
Abbr.Insulation TypeLevel of Protection (LOP)OP
Type of groundGround resistivity
m)Range of valuesTypical value
Boggy ground2 - 5030 Adobe clay2 - 20040Silt & sand-clay ground, humus20 - 260100Sand and sandy ground50 - 3,000200 (moist)Peat200+200Gravel (moist)50 - 3,0001,000 (moist)Stony and rocky ground100 - 8,0002,000Concrete: 1 part cement + 3 parts sand50 - 300150Concrete: 1 part cement + 5 parts gravel100 - 8,000400