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own version with them to the New World. Beer enjoys the distinction of havingcome over on the Mayflower and, in fact, seems to have played a part in the Pilgrimsdecision to land at Plymouth Rock instead of farther south, as intended. A journalkept by one of the passengers - now in the Library of Congress - states, in an entryfrom 1620, that the Mayflower landed at Plymouth because We could not now taketime for further search or consideration, our victuals being much spent, especiallyour beer...The first commercial brewery in America was founded in New Amsterdam (NewYork) in 1623. Many patriots owned their own breweries, among them SamuelAdams and William Penn. Thomas Jefferson was also interested in brewing andmade beer at Monticello. George Washington even had his own brew house on thegrounds of Mount Vernon, and his handwritten recipe for beer dated 1757 and takenfrom his diary - is still preserved!II.
TYPES OF BEER
The word lager is derived from the German verb “lagern”, which means: to store. During thelate middle ages, before the days of refrigeration, fermentation was a hit-or-miss affair,especially during the hot summer months. To ensure a supply of beer for the summer, brewersin the Bavarian Alps stored kegs of spring brew in icy mountain caves. As the beer slowly aged,the yeast settled, creating a drink that was dark but clear and sparkling with a crisper, moredelicate flavour. In 1842, lager acquired its familiar golden colour when a brewery in Pilsen,Czechoslovakia perfected a pale, bottom-fermented version of the beer. Lagers typically takemore time to brew and are aged longer than ales. Lagers are best enjoyed at cooler-than-roomtemperature.
The other bottom-fermented beer is bock, named for the famous medieval German brewingtown of Einbeck. Heavier than lager and darkened by high-coloured malts, bock is traditionallybrewed in the winter for drinking during the spring.
Although the term covers a fascinating variety of styles, all ales share certain characteristics.Top-fermentation and the inclusion of more hops in the wort gives these beers a distinctivefruitiness, acidity and a pleasantly-bitter seasoning. All ales typically take less time to brew andage then lagers and have a more assertive, individual personality, though their alcoholicstrength may be the same. Ales are best enjoyed at room temperature or slightly warmer.