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Book One Beverage Knowledge

Book One Beverage Knowledge

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Agustinus Agus Purwanto, SE MM www.sunparadisehotelsmanagement.com Email: sunparadisehotels.intl@qualityservice.com Moblie: +62 812 9444 1224

Agustinus Agus Purwanto, SE MM www.sunparadisehotelsmanagement.com Email: sunparadisehotels.intl@qualityservice.com Moblie: +62 812 9444 1224

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Published by: Agustinus Agus Purwanto on Apr 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2013

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BALI HOSPITALITY PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
April
2009
 
BEVERAGES
 
KNOWLEDGE
 
Do
 
not
 
sell
 
this
 
Book,
 
this
 
Book
 
is
 
complimentary
 
from
 
Hotel
 
Team
 
Managers
 
Drs.
 
Agustinus
 
Agus
 
Purwanto,
 
MM
 
Chief 
 
Executive
 
Officer
 
Book One
 
Bali Hospitality Professional Services 
BEVERAGE KNOWLEDGE
 April
 
2009
 
www.balihospitalityservices.webs.comorwww.hotelteammanager.webs.comPage 2
TYPE OF BEVERAGES:
 
Beer
 
 
Cocktails
 
 
Spirits
 
 
Wine
 
 
Non Alcoholic BeveragesA.
 
BEER:
I.
 
HYSTORY OF BEER:
 
A Brief History of Beer
The origins of beer are older than recorded history, extending into the mythology of ancient civilizations. Beer, the oldest alcohol beverage, was discoveredindependently by most ancient cultures - the Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians,Hebrews, Africans, Chinese, Incas, Tautens, Saxons and the various wandering tribesthat were found in Eurasia. These ancient peoples have left records to indicate theynot only enjoyed their beer, but considered brewing to be a serious and important job.In recorded history, Babylonian clay tablets more than 6,000 years old depict the brewing of beer and give detailed recipes. An extract from an ancient Chinesemanuscript states that beer, or kiu as it was called, was known to the Chinese as earlyas the 23rd century BC. Beer was enjoyed by ancient peoples at all levels of society.Of course, some drank with more style than others. For example, the University of Pennsylvania Museum displays a golden straw used by Queen Shubad of Mesopotamia for sipping beer.With the rise of commerce and the growth of cities during the Middle Ages, brewing became more than a household activity. Municipal brew houses were established,which eventually led to the formation of the brewing guilds. Commercial brewing ona significantly larger scale began around the 12th century in Germany.Although native Americans had developed a form of beer, Europeans brought their 
 
Bali Hospitality Professional Services 
BEVERAGE KNOWLEDGE
 April
 
2009
 
www.balihospitalityservices.webs.comorwww.hotelteammanager.webs.comPage 3
own version with them to the New World. Beer enjoys the distinction of havingcome over on the Mayflower and, in fact, seems to have played a part in the Pilgrimsdecision to land at Plymouth Rock instead of farther south, as intended. A journalkept by one of the passengers - now in the Library of Congress - states, in an entryfrom 1620, that the Mayflower landed at Plymouth because We could not now taketime for further search or consideration, our victuals being much spent, especiallyour beer...The first commercial brewery in America was founded in New Amsterdam (NewYork) in 1623. Many patriots owned their own breweries, among them SamuelAdams and William Penn. Thomas Jefferson was also interested in brewing andmade beer at Monticello. George Washington even had his own brew house on thegrounds of Mount Vernon, and his handwritten recipe for beer dated 1757 and takenfrom his diary - is still preserved!II.
 
TYPES OF BEER 
 
1.
 
Lager
The word lager is derived from the German verb “lagern”, which means: to store. During thelate middle ages, before the days of refrigeration, fermentation was a hit-or-miss affair,especially during the hot summer months. To ensure a supply of beer for the summer, brewersin the Bavarian Alps stored kegs of spring brew in icy mountain caves. As the beer slowly aged,the yeast settled, creating a drink that was dark but clear and sparkling with a crisper, moredelicate flavour. In 1842, lager acquired its familiar golden colour when a brewery in Pilsen,Czechoslovakia perfected a pale, bottom-fermented version of the beer. Lagers typically takemore time to brew and are aged longer than ales. Lagers are best enjoyed at cooler-than-roomtemperature.
 
2.
 
Bock Beer
 
The other bottom-fermented beer is bock, named for the famous medieval German brewingtown of Einbeck. Heavier than lager and darkened by high-coloured malts, bock is traditionallybrewed in the winter for drinking during the spring.
 
3.
 
Ale
Although the term covers a fascinating variety of styles, all ales share certain characteristics.Top-fermentation and the inclusion of more hops in the wort gives these beers a distinctivefruitiness, acidity and a pleasantly-bitter seasoning. All ales typically take less time to brew andage then lagers and have a more assertive, individual personality, though their alcoholicstrength may be the same. Ales are best enjoyed at room temperature or slightly warmer.
 

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