BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION PROJECT 3Site 1: Bog Creek Farm, Howell, NJDuring the early 1970s, various contaminants were dumped into a trench on this propertyincluding VOCs such as benzene, TCE, chloroform, and toluene (EPA, 2011, p.1). All of thesechemicals are known to either be harmful to human health, either by causing cancer, problemswith the central nervous system, or various other problems (ADSTR, 2011, p.1). They leachedinto the groundwater and then into other water bodies nearby. The EPA rated the groundwater contaminant plume migration as more hazardous before remediation was done, but concludedthat there was no threat to drinking water wells (EPA, 2011, p.1). Even though the site hasalready undergone remediation, there are several bioremediation techniques that could have beenused. The most effective was deemed bioventing, which will be the focus of this analysis. Thismethod involves microbial respiration which requires an electron donor and acceptor to yieldwaste products. These microorganisms would destroy the contaminants and the whole process isenhanced by the injection of oxygen through wells or nutrient injection.There are a couple operable units that would need to be established. The first would be aset of injection and monitoring wells in the area where the dumping occurred, at the 150 footlong trench on the eastern part of the property. These wells would penetrate into the vadose zonewhere the contaminated groundwater is. Bioventing does not work well with moist soils becauseit dehydrates them and reduces the availability of oxygen, so it is important to keep the wellsaway from the water table as well as introduce oxygen through the wells along with themicroorganisms (EPA, 1994). A monitoring device for vapor at the soil surface will also beinstalled for extra assurance. In addition, high water tables would also impact the bioventing process negatively, which is why it would be important to ensure that the wells go down far enough to where they can be of use but at the same time not come in contact with the water table.