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PHYSICS NOTES CHAPTER – 12 ELECTROSTATICS

# PHYSICS NOTES CHAPTER – 12 ELECTROSTATICS

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IT IS VERY EASY AND SIMPLE NOTES FOR STUDENTS.
IT IS VERY EASY AND SIMPLE NOTES FOR STUDENTS.

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05/14/2014

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ELECTROSTATICSCHAPTER – 12ELECTROSTATICS
Qs. State and Explain Coulomb’s Law.
INTRODUCTIO
In 1974, Sir Augusts de coulomb studied the relationship between localized charges. He carried out experimentsusing torsion balance. In the basis of his experimentalresults, he proposed a law known as Coulomb’s Law.
Statement
The electric force of interaction between two pointcharges is directly proportional to product of their chargesand inversely proportional to the square of the distancefrom their centers.
Mathematical Expression
Consider two points charges q1 and q2 and let “1″ be theseparation between them. According to Coulomb’s Law.F ∞ q1 q2 ——– (i)And, according to second partF ∞ 1/r² ——— (iiCombining eq (i) and eq (ii), we getF ∞ q1 q2 / r²F = K q1 q2 / r²

Where K is the constant of proportionality and its valuedepends upon the medium between the two charges. In S.Isystem its value is equal toK = 8.98 x 10(9) N-m² / c².Coulomb’s Law can be expressed in terms of permitivityas follows.F = 1 / 4 π Є . q1 q2 / r²Where Єo is the permitivity of free space and its value isЄo = 8.85 x 10(-12) col² / Nm²if some other medium is used instead of air thenF = 1 / 4 π Єo Єr . q1 q2 / r²Where Єr is the relative permitivity which is different for different dielectric.
Qs. Define electric field and electric intensity. Find the formula for the electric intensity due to a point charge.
ELECTRIC INTENSITY
DEFINITION  Electric intensity is the force experienced by a unit  positive charge due to the presence of a charge body. EXPLANATION
It is the measure of the strength of the electric field.Electric intensity is a vector quantity and its direction is

same as that of force. If the charge is positive then electricintensity is directed from the charge and if the charge isnegative, then it is directed towards the charge. The SIunit of electric intensity is Newton per Coulomb or volt per meter.
Mathematical Form
Mathematically electric intensity is given byE = F / q°Where E = Electric IntensityF = Forceq° = small magnitude
ELECTRIC INTENSITY DUE TO A POINTCHARGE
CONSIDERATION
Consider a charged body q that has an electric field allaround it. We want to find out electric intensity E at pointP. For this purpose, we placed a point charge q1 at that point.
Qs. Define Electric flux. Find the formula for theelectric flux due to point charge in a closed sphere.
ELECTRIC FLUX
DEFINITION