ELECTROSTATICSCHAPTER – 12ELECTROSTATICS
Qs. State and Explain Coulomb’s Law.
In 1974, Sir Augusts de coulomb studied the relationship between localized charges. He carried out experimentsusing torsion balance. In the basis of his experimentalresults, he proposed a law known as Coulomb’s Law.
The electric force of interaction between two pointcharges is directly proportional to product of their chargesand inversely proportional to the square of the distancefrom their centers.
Consider two points charges q1 and q2 and let “1″ be theseparation between them. According to Coulomb’s Law.F ∞ q1 q2 ——– (i)And, according to second partF ∞ 1/r² ——— (iiCombining eq (i) and eq (ii), we getF ∞ q1 q2 / r²F = K q1 q2 / r²