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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare

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Published by Sisapis
A short biography of the greatest playwright of all times. Appropriate for intermediate to upper-intermediate students of English.
A short biography of the greatest playwright of all times. Appropriate for intermediate to upper-intermediate students of English.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Sisapis on May 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/29/2013

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William Shakespeare was born in
Stratford-upon-Avon
, Britain. His father was a well-to-do businessman who laterwent bankrupt. He attended the local grammar school. He married early, at the age of 18 (
 Anne Hathaway)
, and soonafter that left Stratford. He went to London. In London he joined an actors' compamy,
“Lord Chamberlain's Me
n
”; he
became an actor and playwright. He wrote his first plays in collaboration with other authors. He was verysuccessful, became part-
owner of “The Globe Theatre” in London, and
a fairly rich man. He spent the last years of hislife in Stratford, where he also died .Shakespeare wrote:- 37
plays: comedies, tragedies, historical plays, and romances
- 154
sonnets
 - 2
narrative poems 
- a great number of 
lyrical poems
His plays may be divided into four periods:1.
 
The plays of the
apprentice period 
2.
 
The
great comedies
period3.
 
The
great tragedies
period4.
 
The period of 
romances
JuFa
 
-the great tragedies
:“Hamlet”, “Othello”,“Macbeth”, ”King Lear” 
 
-the Roman plays:
“Anthony and Cleopatra”, “Coriolanus”,
 
while “Julius Caesar” was written earlier
 - the very sombre comedy
“Measure for Measure” 
 - his most pessimistic play
“Timon of Athens” 
 
He seems to have gone through a personality crisis, but wonto peace and serenity.His last plays, romances
 , “The Winter's Tale”,
 
“Cymbeline”,
 
“The Tempest” 
 
all express the idea of forgiveness.
 
 
Shakespeare took the plots for his plays from:
- older plays- Italian & Spanish stories- old chronicles & histories-
Plutarch's “Lives of Noble Romans and Grecians” 
 
He does not care for historical and geographicalaccuracy. His main interest lies in thedevelopment of characters. The landscape hedescribes so poetically is always the Englishcountryside of his childhood.His comedies show the sunny side of life andmost of the characters are young.The characters in his tragedies are middle-agedor old.His sonnets are about - love- friendship- death & immortalityShakespearian sonnets are made up of:- three quatrains ( 3 x 4 lineas) and- a couplet (1 x 2 lines)Shakespearian sonnets are among the most beautiful in the English language.The tragedy in his plays is caused by humanweakness or wickedness, and the remedy ishuman goodness. The ultimate message of Shakespeare's plays is:'
You must try to overcomeevil with good .' 
He used simple people mostly in comic scenes.They remind us that there is a world of commonpeople perpetually going on, whatever mayhappen to the highborn princes, kings andnoblemen.
Shakespeare's birthplaceThe Globe TheatreThe Globe Theatre, LondonThe Globe nowadays
JuFa

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