Hepatitis B virus infects the liver of hohumans, and causes an inflammation ca-It is a DNA virus and one of many unrecause viral hepatitis.-The disease was originally known as "has causedepidemics in parts of Asia anis endemic in China and various other p
1.unprotected sexual contact 2.blood transfusions3.re-use of contaminatedneedles& syringes
Half of all people infected with thehepatitis B virushave no symptoms.
Symptoms develop within 30-180days of exposure to the virus. Thesymptoms are often compared to flu.Most people think they have flu andnever think about having HBVinfection.
Feeling tired (fatigue)
Nausea and vomiting
Itching all over the body
Pain over the liver (on theright sideof the abdomen,under the lower rib cage)
Jaundice -A condition inwhichthe skin and thewhites oftheeyes turnyellow in color
Urinebecomes dark in color(like cola or tea).
Stoolsare pale in color(grayish or clay colored).
atitis B virus
inoidae, includingled hepatitis.lated viruses that erum hepatitis"andd Africa. Hepatitis Brts of Asia.
-The hepatitis B virus primarily interferes wreplicating in liver cell
-During HBV infection, the host immune resdamage and viral clearance.
-The adaptive immune response, particularllymphocytes (CTLs), contributes to most of HPV infection.-Although liver damage is initiated and mednonspecific inflammatory cells can worsen t and platelet activated at the site of infectioninto the liver.
Because many people with hepatitis B don'tdiagnose the disease on the basis of one orinclude:
Hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAgvirus to other easily. Negative meainfected.
Antibody to hepatitis B surface antmeans you have antibodies to HBV
Antibody to hepatitis B core antige
identifies people who have a chrosometimes be ambiguous. If you t antibodies, you may have a chronto others.
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) tests
Hepatitis B DNA test
Liver ultrasound or CT scan
ith the functions of the liver byonse causes both hepatocellularvirus-specific cytotoxic The liver injury associated withiated by the CTLs, antigen-e CTL-induced immunopathology,facilitate the accumulation of CTLs
have sign and symptoms, doctorsmore blood tests. These tests.Positive means you can pass thens you're probably not currentlyigen (anti-HBs). A positive result.n (anti-HBc).
Although this test nic infection, the results canest positive for hepatitis B coreic infection that you can transmit