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SHG Report Central Asia 2007

SHG Report Central Asia 2007

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Published by Nick Hentoff

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Published by: Nick Hentoff on May 29, 2013
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From Self Helpto a Wider Role in Society
A Review of Self Help Group Methodology inKazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and TajikistanResearch study carried out with ECCA agencies andNGO partners by INTRAC’s Central Asia Programme
November 2007 
Report by:Charles Buxton, Kazbek Abraliev, Maamatkul Aidaraliev,Anara Moldosheva, Matthew Naumann, Shoira Yusupova
 
November 2007
Cover photograph: Boys transport harvest near cotton growing area around Kurghon-Teppa in Tajikistan.Photo: Peter Kenny/ENI ©
2
 
From Self Help to Wider Role in Society
C
ONTENTS
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS...................................................7
 
M
AIN
C
ONCLUSIONS
.................................................................................................................................................7
 
ECOMMENDATIONS
................................................................................................................................................9
 
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................10
 
1.1
 
B
ACKGROUND
/
 
C
ONTEXT
.................................................................................................................................10
 
1.2
 
ECCA
AND
INTRAC........................................................................................................................................11
 
1.3
 
T
HE
F
IRST
SHG
 
S
TUDY
:
 
G
IVE
F
ISH OR A
F
ISHING
OD
?..................................................................................12
 
1.4
 
O
BJECTIVES OF THE
S
ECOND
S
TUDY
.................................................................................................................12
 
CHAPTER 2. METHODOLOGY.........................................................................................................................14
 
2.1
 
F
RAMEWORK FOR 
A
 NALYSIS
............................................................................................................................14
 
2.2
 
EY
T
ERMS FOR THE
2
 ND
 
S
TUDY
.......................................................................................................................15
 
2.3
 
C
ROSS
-C
UTTING
T
HEMES
.................................................................................................................................17
 
2.4
 
H
OW THE
S
TUDY WAS
C
ARRIED
O
UT
................................................................................................................17
 
2.5
 
S
TRUCTURE OF THE
EPORT
.............................................................................................................................18
 
CHAPTER 3. SELF-HELP ACTIVITIES FOR COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT......................................20
 
3.1
 
M
AIN
A
REAS OF
SHG
 
A
CTIVITY IN
AZAKHSTAN AND
YRGYZSTAN
.............................................................20
 
3.2
 
SHG
S IN
T
AJIKISTAN
........................................................................................................................................21
 
3.3
 
SHG
 
L
EADERS
..................................................................................................................................................23
 
3.4
 
G
ENDER ROLES AND DIFFERENT TYPES OF
SHG
S
..............................................................................................25
 
3.5
 
S
ELF
H
ELP
G
ROUPS AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
................................................................................................27
 
3.6
 
S
UMMING UP
:
 
SHG
 
S
UCCESSES IN
C
OMMUNITY
M
OBILISATION
.......................................................................32
 
CHAPTER 4. SHG ASSOCIATIONS – CLUSTERS, FEDERATIONS AND OTHER NETWORKS..........34
 
4.1
 
C
LUSTERS
/
 
F
EDERATIONS IN
AZAKHSTAN AND
YRGYZSTAN
.......................................................................34
 
4.2
 
C
LUSTERS AND FEDERATIONS IN
T
AJIKISTAN
...................................................................................................35
 
4.3
 
D
EFINING THE TERMS
:
 
C
LUSTER AND
F
EDERATION
..........................................................................................36
 
4.4
 
O
THER 
G
ROUPS AND
 N
ETWORKS
W
HERE
SHG
S ARE
A
CTIVE
..........................................................................38
 
4.4.1 Intermediate bodies...................................................................................................................................38 
 
4.4.2 Existing institutions...................................................................................................................................39
 
4.4.3 Newly created bodies................................................................................................................................40
 
4.5
 
M
EMBERS AND LEADERS OF
SHG
S WHO BECOME LEADERS IN OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
....................................41
 
4.6
 
S
UMMING UP
:
 
SHG
S IN
L
OCAL
C
IVIL
S
OCIETY
.................................................................................................41
 
CHAPTER 5. LOOKING TO THE FUTURE – THE AIMS, INDEPENDENCE AND SUSTAINABILITYOF SHGS, CLUSTERS AND FEDERATIONS....................................................................................................47
 
5.1
 
E
CONOMICS OR 
P
OLITICS
 – 
 
W
HICH
C
OMES
F
IRST
?...........................................................................................47
 
5.2
 
G
ENDER 
A
SPECTS OF
SHG
 
D
EVELOPMENT
.......................................................................................................51
 
5.3
 
 NGO
 
L
OBBYING
A
CTIVITIES AT
 N
ATIONAL
L
EVEL
..........................................................................................53
 
5.3.1 National level lobbying.............................................................................................................................54
 
5.3.2 Case Studies of Coalitions and Networks Associated with SHGs.............................................................55
 
5.3.3 How the political situation affects SHG lobbying activity........................................................................56 
 
5.4
 
S
USTAINABILITY OF
SHG
S
,
CLUSTERS AND FEDERATIONS
................................................................................57
 
5.4.1 Organisational and Financial Sustainability...........................................................................................57 
 
5.4.2 Sustainability at Policy Level....................................................................................................................58 
 
5.4.3 Sustainability: results from the opinion survey.........................................................................................59
 
CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS........................................................................62
 
6.1
 
M
AIN
F
INDINGS FROM THE
S
TUDY
....................................................................................................................62
 
6.2
 
C
ONCEPT AND
S
TRATEGY
:
THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF
SHG
S
....................................................................64
 
6.3
 
L
INK TO
ECCA’
S
A
DVOCACY AND
C
APACITY
B
UILDING
P
ROGRAMMES
..........................................................66
 
6.3.1 ECCA’s Advocacy Programme................................................................................................................67 
 
6.3.2 ECCA’s Capacity Building Program........................................................................................................68 
 
6.4
 
S
UMMARY OF
ECOMMENDATIONS
..................................................................................................................69
 
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