Unit II - TRANSFORMERS
State the principle of working of a transformer?
Transformer consists of two inductive coils which are electrically separated butmagnetically linked through a path of low reluctance. The two coils possess high mutualinductance. If one coil connected to a source of alternating voltage, an alternating flux isset up in the laminated core, most of which linked with the other coil in which it producesmutually induced emf. If the second coil is closed current flows in it and so electricalenergy is transferred from the first coil to the second coil.
List the types of transformers based on construction:
Core type transformer
Shell type transformer
State why the transformer core is made of magnetic materials?
To provide a continuous magnetic path with the minimum air gap.
Define transformation ratio ?
Transformation ratio is defined as the ratio of number of turns in the secondarywinding to number of turns in primary winding .K= N
Types :Step up transformer Step down transformer
Define voltage regulation of a transformer:
The change is secondary terminal voltage from no load condition to full loadcondition is known as voltage regulation
..State the methods of reducing leakage flux:
To minimize the leakage flux, transformer core is sectionalized and byinterleaving the primary and secondary windings.
List the various losses in a transformer and state the condition formaximum efficiency:
Core lossCopper lossCondition for maximum efficiency:Iron loss = copper loss
Define all-day efficiency of a transformer?
All day efficiency is defined as the ratio of output in Kwh to input in Kwhcalculated for 24 hours