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Grammar of Aguaruna

Grammar of Aguaruna

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Published by Marcos Lukaña
Simon E. Overall (2007).
http://etnolinguistica.wdfiles.com/local--files/tese:overall-2007/overall_2007_aguaruna.pdf
Simon E. Overall (2007).
http://etnolinguistica.wdfiles.com/local--files/tese:overall-2007/overall_2007_aguaruna.pdf

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Published by: Marcos Lukaña on May 29, 2013
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 A Grammar of Aguaruna
 
Simon E. OverallM.A. (Hons)
A thesis submitted in total fulfilmentof the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Research Centre for Linguistic Typology
La Trobe UniversityBundoora, Victoria, 3086AustraliaDecember 2007
 
i
SUMMARY.................................................................................................................................................XVI
 
STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP...........................................................................................................XVI
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.......................................................................................................................XVII
 
CONVENTIONS FOLLOWED..............................................................................................................XVIII
 
ABBREVIATIONS USED............................................................................................................................XX
 
MAP............................................................................................................................................................XXII
 
CHAPTER 1:
 
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................1
 
1.1
 
L
INGUISTIC PROFILE
.........................................................................................................................1
 
1.1.1
 
 Autodenomination .......................................................................................................................2
 
1.1.2
 
Varieties of Aguaruna .................................................................................................................3
 
1.2
 
T
HE
J
IVAROAN LANGUAGES
..............................................................................................................4
 
1.3
 
J
IVAROAN AND RELATED LANGUAGES
..............................................................................................6
 
1.3.1
 
Candoshi .....................................................................................................................................6 
 
1.3.2
 
 Palta............................................................................................................................................6 
 
1.3.3
 
 Areal features..............................................................................................................................7 
 
1.4
 
A
 NTHROPOLOGICAL NOTES
...............................................................................................................8
 
1.4.1
 
 History of contact......................................................................................................................10
 
1.5
 
T
HIS WORK IN CONTEXT
..................................................................................................................10
 
1.5.1
 
 Previous work............................................................................................................................10
 
1.5.2
 
 Present and future work............................................................................................................12
 
1.6
 
F
IELDWORK METHODOLOGY AND LANGUAGE DATA
.......................................................................12
 
1.6.1
 
 Language consultants................................................................................................................14
 
1.7
 
D
ISCOURSE GENRES
........................................................................................................................14
 
1.7.1
 
 Narrative...................................................................................................................................14
 
1.7.2
 
Songs.........................................................................................................................................15
 
1.7.2.1
 
namp
ɨ 
ta
‘drinking songs’................................................................................................................15
 
1.7.2.2
 
an
ɨ 
nta
‘magic songs’.......................................................................................................................16
 
1.7.3
 
Oratory......................................................................................................................................16 
 
CHAPTER 2:
 
PHONOLOGY....................................................................................................................19
 
2.1
 
I
 NTRODUCTION
...............................................................................................................................19
 
2.1.1
 
 Notes on transcription...............................................................................................................19
 
2.1.1.1
 
 Nasal vowels and continuants.........................................................................................................19
 
2.1.1.2
 
 Nasal vs. oral obstruents.................................................................................................................20
 
2.1.1.3
 
Vowel elision..................................................................................................................................20
 
 
ii
2.2
 
C
ONSONANTS
.................................................................................................................................20
 
2.2.1
 
Obstruents.................................................................................................................................21
 
2.2.2
 
Glottal stop ...............................................................................................................................24
 
2.2.2.1
 
Glottal stop insertion......................................................................................................................26
 
2.2.3
 
 Affricates and fricatives............................................................................................................27 
 
2.2.4
 
Glottal fricative.........................................................................................................................29
 
2.2.4.1
 
Comparative analysis......................................................................................................................32
 
2.2.4.2
 
 Nasality associated with /h/............................................................................................................35
 
2.2.4.3
 
Summary........................................................................................................................................36
 
2.2.5
 
Glides........................................................................................................................................37 
 
2.2.6 
 
 Nasal obstruents .......................................................................................................................37 
 
2.2.6.1
 
Word-final loss of nasals................................................................................................................38
 
2.2.7 
 
 Rhotic........................................................................................................................................38
 
2.2.8
 
Other consonantal allophony....................................................................................................40
 
2.3
 
V
OWELS
.........................................................................................................................................40
 
2.3.1
 
Vowel sequences.......................................................................................................................42
 
2.3.2
 
 Positional allophones of /i/, / 
ɨ 
 / and /u/......................................................................................43
 
2.3.2.1
 
Phonotactic restrictions on glides and vowels................................................................................45
 
2.3.2.2
 
Consonantal properties of glides.....................................................................................................46
 
2.3.2.3
 
Allophony of [w]............................................................................................................................47
 
2.3.2.4
 
Loss of intervocalic glides..............................................................................................................47
 
2.3.2.5
 
Alternative analysis........................................................................................................................48
 
2.3.3
 
 Elision and devoicing of vowels................................................................................................49
 
2.4
 
 N
ASAL AND ORAL PROSODIES
.........................................................................................................49
 
2.4.1
 
 Nasality contrast, nasal domain and spreading........................................................................50
 
2.4.2
 
 Alternation of V 
  ̃
with VN...........................................................................................................51
 
2.4.3
 
 Denasalisation..........................................................................................................................52
 
2.5
 
S
YLLABLE STRUCTURE AND VOWEL ELISION
..................................................................................58
 
2.5.1
 
Glide formation and synaeresis................................................................................................58
 
2.5.2
 
Vowel elision.............................................................................................................................60
 
2.5.2.1
 
Syllable weight and minimal word.................................................................................................61
 
2.5.2.2
 
 Non-eliding vowels.........................................................................................................................62
 
2.5.3
 
 Diphthong reduction.................................................................................................................64
 
2.5.3.1
 
DR with relativiser -
u
and immediate past -
̃ 
..................................................................................65
 
2.5.3.2
 
Suffix-internal DR..........................................................................................................................67
 
2.5.4
 
The syllable following vowel elision.........................................................................................68
 
2.5.5
 
Syllable-position-conditioned consonantal effects....................................................................70
 
2.5.5.1
 
Elision of obstruents.......................................................................................................................70
 
2.5.5.2
 
Simplification of CC.......................................................................................................................71
 

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