The History of Oracle
Oracle Tips by Paulo Ferreira Portugal
April 8, 2009
Oracle has a 3 decade history, outlasting many of its predecessors. This brief summary traces theevolution of Oracle from its initial inception to its current status as theworld moist flexible androbust database management system.Founded in August 1977 by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, Ed Oates and Bruce Scott, Oracle wasinitially named after "Project Oracle" a project for one of their clients, the C.I.A, and the companythatdeveloped Oracle was dubbed "Systems Development Labs", or SDL. Although they may nothave realized it at the time, these four men would change the history of database managementforever.In 1978 SDL was renamed Relational Software Inc (RSI) to markettheir new database.
1979-Oracle release 2
The first commercial RDBMS was built using PDP-11 assembler language. Although they createda commercial version of RDBMS in 1977, it wasn't available for sale until 1979 with the launch of Oracle version 2. The company decided against starting with version 1 because they were afraidthat the term "version 1" might be viewed negatively in the marketplace. USA Air Force and thenCIA were the first customers to use Oracle 2.In 1982 there was another change of the company’s name, from RSI to Oracle SystemsCorporation so as to match its popular database name. The current company name comes from aCIA project that Larry Ellison had previously worked on code named “Oracle”.
1983-Oracle release 3
The Oracle version 3 was developed in 1983. This version was assembled using C programminglanguage and could run in mainframes, minicomputers, and PCs–or any hardware with a Ccompiler. It supported the execution of SQL statements and transactions. This version alsoincluded new options of pre-join data to increase Oracle optimization.
1984-Oracle release 4
Despite the advances introduced in version 3, demand was so great that Oracle was compelled toimprove the software even further with the release of version 4in 1984. Oracle version 4 includedsupport for reading consistency, which made it much faster than any previous version. Oracleversion 4 also brought us the introduction of the export/import utilities and the report writer, whichallows one the ability to create a report based on a query.