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Buffer,Hydrolysis, and Solubility-Solubility Product Worksheet (By Hariyanto SMA Negeri 3 Malang)

Buffer,Hydrolysis, and Solubility-Solubility Product Worksheet (By Hariyanto SMA Negeri 3 Malang)

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Published by HARIYANTO
My name is Hariyanto, the chemistry teacher of SMA Negeri 3 Malang-East Java Indonesia. I wrote worksheet of chemistry (adapted curriculum). Thanks
My name is Hariyanto, the chemistry teacher of SMA Negeri 3 Malang-East Java Indonesia. I wrote worksheet of chemistry (adapted curriculum). Thanks

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Published by: HARIYANTO on Apr 20, 2009
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(worksheet 1
st
)
Drs. M. HariyantoSMA Negeri 3 Malang(Public Senior High School)Jl. Sultan Agung Utara No 7 Phone (0341) 324 768 Malang 65111(web site :http://www.har-chemist.co.nr)
 
Before we study about buffer solution, we should review the previous material, how tocalculate the pH of acid, base, the mixture of acid and base, and Bronsted-Lowry theory of acid-base.Complete the following table!
1.
 
 pH of acid and base
 
Solutions SA/WA/SB/WB The formulae of [H
+
] or [OH
-
]Calculation of pH
H
2
SO
4
0,005 M SA [H
+
] = a. Ma …………..…………..KOH 0,1 M ………….. ………….. …………..…………..HCOOH 0,1 MKa =1 x 10
-5
 ………….. ………….. …………..………….. NH
3
0,1 MKb = 1 x 10
-5
 ………….. ………….. …………..…………..
SA = strong acid; WA = weak acid; SB = strong base; WB = weak base
 2.
 
 pH of mixture
No The mixtures React or not The steps of solutions
1 10 mL of H
2
SO
4
0.1 M isadded to 90 mL of water.Calculate the pH of mixture! Not react Dilution………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2 800 mL of H
2
SO
4
0.1 Mis added to 200 mL of HCl 0.2M. Calculate the pH of mixture!………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3 800 mL of Ca(OH)
2
0.1M is added to 200 mL of  NaOH 0.2M. Calculatethe pH of mixture!………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 800 mL of Ca(OH)
2
0.1M is added to 200 mL of HNO
3
0.2M. Calculatethe pH of mixture………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Worksheet of chemistry/xi krsnbi/ by m. hariyanto page 1
 
3.
 
The acid dissociation constant (Ka) and base dissociation constant (Kb)
a.
 
The ionization of weak acid, HA1)
 
write the ionization of weak acid, HA in water 2)
 
write the formulae of Ka b.
 
The ionization of weak base, LOH1)
 
write the ionization of weak base, LOH in water 2)
 
write the formulae of Kb
4.
 
The Bronsted-Lowry Theory of acid-base
a.
Determine the conjugate-base of acid and conjugate-acid of baseComplete the blank column!
No Acid Conjugate-base + H
+
 
1 H
2
O2 CH
3
COOH3 HCN4 NH
4+
No Base + H
+
Conjugate-acid
1 H
2
O + H
+
 2 NH
3
 3 HCO
3-
4 HPO
42-
 b.
Given that the reaction : CO
32-
(aq) + NH
4+
(aq)
HCO
3-
(aq) + NH
3
(aq)Mention the Bronsted-Lowry acid and base, conjugate pairs of the equation above
:
Worksheet of chemistry/xi krsnbi/ by m. hariyanto page 2
 
 
How to make buffer solutions?
A buffer solution is one which resists changes in pH when small quantitiesof an acid or an alkali are added to it.
 
Based on the value of pH, buffer is classifiedinto two kinds of buffer, an acidic buffer solution is simply one which has a pH less than 7(pH of 4.76), and An alkaline buffer solution has a pH greater than 7 ( pH of 9.25)
a.
 
Acidic buffer solution
Please observe the following data!
No Solutions / mixtures The kind of each solution Acidic buffer alkaline buffer / not buffer
1 CH
3
COOH (aq) + CH
3
COO
-
(aq) CH
3
COOH (aq) = weak acidCH
3
COO
-
(aq) = conjugate- baseAcidic buffer 2 HCN (aq) + CN
-
(aq) ……………………………..……………………………..Acidic buffer 3 CH
3
COOH (aq) + CH
3
COONa (aq) CH
3
COOH (aq) = weak acidCH
3
COO
-
(aq) = the salt of CH
3
COOHAcidic buffer 4 HCl (aq) + Cl
-
(aq) ……………………………..…………………………….. Not buffer 5 HCl (aq) + NaCl (aq) ……………………………..…………………………….. Not buffer 
b.
 
Alkaline buffer solutionNo Solutions / mixtures The kind of each solution Acidic buffer alkaline buffer / not buffer
1 NH
3
(aq) + NH
4+
(aq) ……………………………..……………………………..Alkaline buffer 2 NH
3
(aq) + NH
4
Cl
 
(aq) ……………………………..……………………………..Alkaline buffer 3 NaOH(aq) + NaCl (aq) ……………………………..…………………………….. Not buffer 
CONCLUSION 
Based on the data above, conclude how to make the acidic buffer solutions and alkaline buffer solutions?
Worksheet of chemistry/xi krsnbi/ by m. hariyanto page 3

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